982 results found
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Circular RNA biogenesis can proceed through an exon-containing lariat precursor

    Steven P Barrett et al.
    Systematic splice site mutagenesis and the identification of splicing intermediates provides evidence that the dominant mechanism for the generation of circular RNA in fission yeast proceeds through an exon-containing lariat precursor.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Discovery of several thousand highly diverse circular DNA viruses

    Michael J Tisza et al.
    A bioinformatics pipeline has annotated over 2,500 complete genomes of circular DNA viruses belonging to dozens of established and emerging viral families.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    circZNF827 nucleates a transcription inhibitory complex to balance neuronal differentiation

    Anne Kruse Hollensen et al.
    A neuron-specific circular RNA keeps neuronal differentiation in check by lowering transcription rates from key neuronal marker genes.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Circular synthesized CRISPR/Cas gRNAs for functional interrogations in the coding and noncoding genome

    Martin Wegner et al.
    Cloning-free 3Cs technology is developed for the generation of sequence-bias-free covalently closed circular synthesized (3Cs) CRISPR/Cas gRNA libraries that can interrogate the coding and noncoding human genome.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Circularization restores signal recognition particle RNA functionality in Thermoproteus

    André Plagens et al.
    Archaea can contain permuted versions of the universal signal recognition particle RNA, which require a moonlighting activity of the tRNA splicing machinery to generate functional circular RNAs.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The RNA-binding protein SFPQ preserves long-intron splicing and regulates circRNA biogenesis in mammals

    Lotte Victoria Winther Stagsted et al.
    Transcriptome and eCLIP analyses in mouse and human reveal splicing factor proline/glutamine rich (SFPQ) as a conserved and critical guardian of long-intron integrity, splicing, and circular RNA (circRNA) production.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Free circular introns with an unusual branchpoint in neuronal projections

    Harleen Saini et al.
    A systematic study of RNA localization unexpectedly finds a set of free circular introns with a non-canonical C branchpoint enriched in neuronal projections.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Control of RNA viruses in mosquito cells through the acquisition of vDNA and endogenous viral elements

    Michel Tassetto et al.
    Virus infection in mosquitoes initiates a highly discriminatory process in which fragments of viral RNA are reverse transcribed to create DNA copies that serve as templates of small antiviral RNAs.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Unprecedented genomic diversity of RNA viruses in arthropods reveals the ancestry of negative-sense RNA viruses

    Ci-Xiu Li et al.
    Extensive genetic diversity and novel genome structures in RNA viruses from arthropods shed important new light on the ancestry and evolutionary history of major classes of vertebrate and plant viruses.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Viral RNA switch mediates the dynamic control of flavivirus replicase recruitment by genome cyclization

    Zhong-Yu Liu et al.
    A conserved element in the flavivirus genomic 5′ terminus switches its conformation in response to long-range RNA interactions, and thereby regulates the dynamic recruitment of viral replicase for efficient viral RNA replication.

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