1,028 results found
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Lymph node stromal cells constrain immunity via MHC class II self-antigen presentation

    Antonio P Baptista et al.
    MHC class II-mediated self-antigen presentation by lymph node stromal cells controls regulatory T cell homeostasis, thus safeguarding immune tolerance.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    HDAC3 restrains CD8-lineage genes to maintain a bi-potential state in CD4+CD8+ thymocytes for CD4-lineage commitment

    Rachael Laura Philips et al.
    CD4 lineage commitment requires HDAC3 to prevent premature upregulation of CD8 lineage genes during T cell development.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Essential yet limited role for CCR2+ inflammatory monocytes during Mycobacterium tuberculosis-specific T cell priming

    Miriam Samstein et al.
    Inflammatory monocytes carry live Mycobacteria from the lung to draining lymph nodes and acquire many characteristics of dendritic cells but fail to stimulate proliferation of CD4 T cells.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    A pain-mediated neural signal induces relapse in murine autoimmune encephalomyelitis, a multiple sclerosis model

    Yasunobu Arima et al.
    Pain sensation induces relapse in a mouse model of multiple sclerosis via a sensory-sympathetic signaling pathway.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    MHC-compatible bone marrow stromal/stem cells trigger fibrosis by activating host T cells in a scleroderma mouse model

    Yoko Ogawa et al.
    PDGFRα+ Sca-1+ bone marrow stromal/stem cells in whole bone marrow grafts can trigger the onset of autoimmune-related fibrosis in a mouse model of scleroderma.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Self-recognition drives the preferential accumulation of promiscuous CD4+ T-cells in aged mice

    Neha R Deshpande et al.
    Higher affinity for self-pMHC complexes and broader promiscuity for foreign-pMHC complexes imparts a fitness advantage within the CD4+ T cell compartment in older mice.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    T cell immunodominance is dictated by the positively selecting self-peptide

    Wan-Lin Lo et al.
    The T cell repertoire can display immunodominance to an epitope as a result of optimal positive selection in the thymus by one self-peptide/MHC ligand.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    RNF41 regulates the damage recognition receptor Clec9A and antigen cross-presentation in mouse dendritic cells

    Kirsteen M Tullett et al.
    Dendritic cell recognition and processing of antigens from dead cells, utilising the Clec9A-damage recognition receptor, is controlled by a novel RNF41-ubiquitin-mediated regulatory pathway.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    Internalization and presentation of myelin antigens by the brain endothelium guides antigen-specific T cell migration

    Melissa A Lopes Pinheiro et al.
    Antigen-specific control of CD4+ T cell trans-migration by brain endothelial cells via presentation of CNS-derived antigens in MHC-II molecules.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Mouse T cell priming is enhanced by maturation-dependent stiffening of the dendritic cell cortex

    Daniel Blumenthal et al.
    The dendritic cell actin cytoskeleton provides a platform for T cell mechanosensing, delivering novel biophysical cues that serve as costimulatory signals for T cell activation.

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