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    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A fusion peptide in preS1 and the human protein disulfide isomerase ERp57 are involved in hepatitis B virus membrane fusion process

    Jimena Pérez-Vargas et al.
    The mechanism triggering HBV membrane fusion involves ERp57, a cellular protein disulfide isomerase, and ultimately leads to the exposition of a fusion peptide that was identified in the pre-S1 determinant.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Functional interdependence of the actin nucleator Cobl and Cobl-like in dendritic arbor development

    Maryam Izadi et al.
    Extended biochemical and functional analyses in primary neurons show that early neuronal morphogenesis critically relies on cooperation of the actin nucleator Cobl and its ancestor Cobl-like and uncover their cooperative mechanisms at dendritic branch initiation sites.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    The pattern of nodal morphogen signaling is shaped by co-receptor expression

    Nathan D Lord et al.
    Ligand capture by cell surface receptor complexes sets the shape of the Nodal signaling pattern in zebrafish.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Exosomes mediate horizontal transmission of viral pathogens from insect vectors to plant phloem

    Qian Chen et al.
    An important rice reovirus hijacks exosomes to traverse the apical plasmalemma into saliva-stored cavities in the salivary glands of insect vectors, facilitating viral horizontal transmission into rice phloem.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    A novel mitochondrial Kv1.3–caveolin axis controls cell survival and apoptosis

    Jesusa Capera et al.
    The association of caveolin with the potassium channel Kv1.3 fine-tunes cell survival and apoptosis.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Science Forum: Nanoscape, a data-driven 3D real-time interactive virtual cell environment

    Shereen R Kadir et al.
    Computer visualization techniques developed for video games can be repurposed to enable viewers to explore cells and their environment in three dimensions.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    RAL GTPases mediate EGFR-driven intestinal stem cell proliferation and tumourigenesis

    Máté Nászai et al.
    Combined genetic experiments and cellular trafficking assays in Drosophila and mammalian models uncover a new role of RAS-like GTPases in EGFR signalling activation during tissue regeneration and tumourigenesis through regulation of EGFR internalisation.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Inbreeding in a dioecious plant has sex- and population origin-specific effects on its interactions with pollinators

    Karin Schrieber et al.
    Inbreeding compromises floral traits and reduces pollinator visitation rates disproportionally in female relative to male individuals in a dioecious plant and may thus interfere with the equilibrium of a complex co-evolutionary plant-insect relationship.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    In vitro proteasome processing of neo-splicetopes does not predict their presentation in vivo

    Gerald Willimsky et al.
    Analysis of neo-splicetope-specific T cell responses strongly questions the idea that in vitro proteasome-catalyzed peptide splicing reaction simulates the in vivo situation with the same high fidelity as the in vitro generation of non-spliced epitopes.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Amphiphysin I cleavage by asparagine endopeptidase leads to tau hyperphosphorylation and synaptic dysfunction

    Xingyu Zhang et al.
    Amphiphysin I is identified as a new substrate of AEP, and the resultant fragment induces synaptic dysfunction and promotes tau hyperphosphorylation via activating CDK5 kinase.