356 results found
    1. Ecology

    Animal Behaviour: The elusive perspective of a food thief

    Claudia Zeiträg, Ivo Jacobs
    Eurasian jays fail to take into account the point of view and desire of other jays when hiding food they can eat later.
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    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Medicine

    SMA-miRs (miR-181a-5p, -324-5p, and -451a) are overexpressed in spinal muscular atrophy skeletal muscle and serum samples

    Emanuela Abiusi et al.
    The identification of SMA-miR supports the pathogenic role of skeletal muscle in spinal muscular atrophy and, integrated in the SMA-score, may help to improve the phenotypic prediction for patients.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Gamete expression of TALE class HD genes activates the diploid sporophyte program in Marchantia polymorpha

    Tom Dierschke et al.
    The ancestral mechanism to activate diploid gene expression via homeodomain transcription factors was retained in liverworts, an early diverging land plant lineage, and subsequently co-opted during evolution of the diploid sporophyte body.
    1. Medicine
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Adult stem cell-derived complete lung organoid models emulate lung disease in COVID-19

    Courtney Tindle et al.
    An integrated stem cell-based disease modeling and computational approach demonstrates how proximal airway epithelium is critical for SARS-CoV-2 infectivity and distal alveolar cells are critical for simulating the host responses.
    1. Neuroscience

    DeepEthogram, a machine learning pipeline for supervised behavior classification from raw pixels

    James P Bohnslav et al.
    DeepEthogram automatically classifies animal behavior videos into researcher-defined behaviors of interest, saving researcher time and enabling more detailed downstream analysis of behavior.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    The pro-regenerative effects of hyperIL6 in drug-induced liver injury are unexpectedly due to competitive inhibition of IL11 signaling

    Jinrui Dong et al.
    IL6ST (gp130) binding proteins, such as HyperIL6, promote liver regrowth in a STAT3-indpependent manner through competitive inhibition of anti-regenerative IL11 signaling.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Cardiac pathologies in mouse loss of imprinting models are due to misexpression of H19 long noncoding RNA

    Ki-Sun Park et al.
    Maternal loss of imprinting at the Igf2/H19 locus reduces expression of H19 lncRNA and thereby leads to progressive cardiac pathologies in a mouse Beckwith–Wiedemann syndrome model.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    Subventricular zone/white matter microglia reconstitute the empty adult microglial niche in a dynamic wave

    Lindsay A Hohsfield et al.
    In an empty microglial niche, repopulating microglia arise from subventricular zone and white matter-associated areas without contributions from the bone marrow to fill the mouse brain via a spreading wave.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Combinations of maternal-specific repressive epigenetic marks in the endosperm control seed dormancy

    Hikaru Sato et al.
    Analyses of cell type-specific data show that the maternal alleles of genes related to establishing and breaking seed dormancy are suppressed by different combinations of epigenetic marks in the endosperm of Arabidopsis.

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