320 results found
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Global divergence in critical income for adult and childhood survival: analyses of mortality using Michaelis–Menten

    Ryan J Hum et al.
    A mathematical model based on enzyme kinetics shows how the relationships between life expectancy, survival rates for children and adults, and national income change over time.
    1. Neuroscience

    Acute stress enhances adult rat hippocampal neurogenesis and activation of newborn neurons via secreted astrocytic FGF2

    Elizabeth D Kirby et al.
    Exposing rats to acute stress increased the generation of new neurons in a subregion of the hippocampus, and improved the animals' performance in a memory task two weeks later.
    1. Ecology
    2. Neuroscience

    Feeding-induced rearrangement of green leaf volatiles reduces moth oviposition

    Silke Allmann et al.
    The ability of Manduca moths to recognize changes in the profile of volatile compounds released by plants being attacked by Manduca caterpillars allows them to lay their eggs on plants that are less likely to be attacked by insects and other predators, and to avoid competing against other caterpillars of the same species for resources.
    1. Neuroscience

    Controlling gain one photon at a time

    Gregory W Schwartz, Fred Rieke
    Single absorbed photons trigger adaptational mechanisms that help the retina maintain sensitivity across a wide range of background illumination.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    MAVS recruits multiple ubiquitin E3 ligases to activate antiviral signaling cascades

    Siqi Liu et al.
    A cell-free system combined with cell-based assays elucidate the biochemical mechanism of signal transduction mediated by the mitochondrial protein MAVS and delineates the role of ubiquitin E3 ligases in antiviral innate immune responses.
    1. Plant Biology

    Phenotypic landscape inference reveals multiple evolutionary paths to C4 photosynthesis

    Ben P Williams et al.
    Computational modelling indicates that C4 photosynthesis in distantly related plant species arose through a number of independent evolutionary paths.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A genome-to-genome analysis of associations between human genetic variation, HIV-1 sequence diversity, and viral control

    István Bartha et al.
    An innovative strategy in genome analysis has generated a detailed description of how pathogens mutate when facing human genetic diversity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Computation identifies structural features that govern neuronal firing properties in slowly adapting touch receptors

    Daine R Lesniak et al.
    Computer simulations show that the firing patterns of branched touch receptors can be set in part by the organization of their sensory endings in the skin.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Ecology

    Sex-specific triacylglycerides are widely conserved in Drosophila and mediate mating behavior

    Jacqueline SR Chin et al.
    Triacylglycerides found in the males of 11 species of Drosophila form a largely overlooked, novel, sex-specific class of pheromones that act to suppress courtship behaviour.
    1. Ecology

    Climate-mediated cooperation promotes niche expansion in burying beetles

    Syuan-Jyun Sun et al.
    Cooperation enables burying beetles to outcompete flies and adapt to a wider range of temperatures as thermal generalists.

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