278 results found
  1. Episode 48: June 2018

    In this episode, we hear about why we always have space for dessert, how collecting seeds from large areas could help restoration projects, gut bacteria, the placebo effect and toxoplasmosis.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    Tropical disease

    Tropical Disease: A Collection of Articles

    Curated by Prabhat Jha et al.
    eLife has published papers on many tropical diseases, including malaria, Ebola, leishmaniases, Dengue and African sleeping sickness.
    1. Neuroscience

    A predictive focus of gain modulation encodes target trajectories in insect vision

    Steven D Wiederman et al.
    Visual neurons in the dragonfly predict the path of a moving target, even when it is occluded or crosses from one eye to the other.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The force-sensing peptide VemP employs extreme compaction and secondary structure formation to induce ribosomal stalling

    Ting Su et al.
    The structure of the VemP-stalled ribosome reveals a helix-double turn-helix conformation of the nascent chain within the ribosomal tunnel, illustrating how secondary structure formation directly at the peptidyltransferase center of the ribosome can induce translational arrest.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Co-option of an endogenous retrovirus envelope for host defense in hominid ancestors

    Daniel Blanco-Melo et al.
    The reconstitution of a functional envelope protein from an extinct hominid retrovirus reveals its receptor and an ancient host defense that may have led to the extinction of the virus.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Ecology

    Data-driven identification of potential Zika virus vectors

    Michelle V Evans et al.
    Data-driven methods predict over 35 mosquitoes are potential vectors of Zika virus, suggesting a larger geographic area and a greater human population is at risk of infection.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cascade of neural processing orchestrates cognitive control in human frontal cortex

    Hanlin Tang et al.
    A dynamic and hierarchical sequence of steps in human frontal cortex orchestrates cognitive control.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Promoter nucleosome dynamics regulated by signalling through the CTD code

    Philippe Materne et al.
    Phosphorylation of the C-terminal domain (CTD) of RNA Polymerase II controls nucleosomes dynamics at specific promoters to regulate transcription.
    1. Ecology
    2. Plant Biology

    Seasonal shift in timing of vernalization as an adaptation to extreme winter

    Susan Duncan et al.
    An adaptation to extreme winter has involved a shift to autumn temperature monitoring.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Bumblebee visual allometry results in locally improved resolution and globally improved sensitivity

    Gavin J Taylor et al.
    Bigger bumblebee eyes have better vision, yet their field of view, sensitivity, and resolution do not all simply scale up with eye size, being improved locally instead.

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