220 results found
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Neuroscience

    Synaptic proteins promote calcium-triggered fast transition from point contact to full fusion

    Jiajie Diao et al.
    A combination of advanced optical imaging and cryogenic electron microscopy has been used to explore membrane fusion in a synthetic system and provide new insights into neurotransmitter release.
    1. Neuroscience

    Quantification of gait parameters in freely walking wild type and sensory deprived Drosophila melanogaster

    César S Mendes et al.
    Novel imaging experiments suggest that fruit flies modify their neural circuitry for walking at slow, medium and fast speeds, and that proprioception is not essential for coordinated walking.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neuroscience: Multitasking on the run

    Mary E Hatten, Stephen G Lisberger
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    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Passive and active DNA methylation and the interplay with genetic variation in gene regulation

    Maria Gutierrez-Arcelus et al.
    Detailed analysis of umbilical cord cells shows that the associations between DNA methylation, gene expression and genetic variation are complex and context-dependent.
    1. Neuroscience

    Ultrafast endocytosis at Caenorhabditis elegans neuromuscular junctions

    Shigeki Watanabe et al.
    Optogenetics has revealed that synaptic vesicles can be recycled extremely rapidly in nematodes, indicating that existing models for how synapses 'reload' may need to be revised.
    1. Neuroscience

    Interaction of plasticity and circuit organization during the acquisition of cerebellum-dependent motor learning

    Yan Yang, Stephen G Lisberger
    During learning, one climbing fiber input instructs plasticity that is expressed in the simple-spike responses of cerebellar Purkinje cells, and causes neural learning that may inhibit future climbing fiber instructions.
    1. Neuroscience

    Identification of Redeye, a new sleep-regulating protein whose expression is modulated by sleep amount

    Mi Shi et al.
    A gene found in Drosophila, and named redeye, encodes a protein that accumulates during sleep deprivation and forms part of the homeostatic system that promotes and maintains sleep.
    1. Neuroscience

    Gating of neural error signals during motor learning

    Rhea R Kimpo et al.
    Electrode recordings and optogenetics reveal that the cerebellum can modulate its response to error signals from the brainstem during motor learning.
    1. Ecology
    2. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Hidden shift of the ionome of plants exposed to elevated CO2 depletes minerals at the base of human nutrition

    Irakli Loladze
    Increasing levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide reduce the mineral content but increase the levels of starch and sugars found in crop plants; which could exacerbate both obesity and malnutrition in some human populations.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cerebellar modules operate at different frequencies

    Haibo Zhou et al.
    Zebrin-positive cerebellar Purkinje cells fire at lower frequencies than zebrin-negative cells, indicating that cerebellar circuits are not physiologically homogeneous.

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