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    1. Neuroscience

    Spatiotemporal dynamics of multi-vesicular release is determined by heterogeneity of release sites within central synapses

    Dario Maschi, Vitaly A Klyachko
    Release site heterogeneity represents a previously unknown level of structural and functional organization within individual active zones in central synapses, which determines the spatiotemporal dynamics of multi-vesicular release.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Mushroom body evolution demonstrates homology and divergence across Pancrustacea

    Nicholas James Strausfeld et al.
    Demonstrating extreme diversity across crustaceans while contrasting with evolutionary stability in insects, mushroom body homologues further underpin the unity of Pancrustacea and shed new light on arthropod brain evolution.
    1. Neuroscience

    Supramammillary nucleus synchronizes with dentate gyrus to regulate spatial memory retrieval through glutamate release

    Yadong Li et al.
    Multi-fiber photometry recording and circuit-based manipulation in vivo identify a long-range SuM-DG circuit linking two highly correlated subcortical regions to regulate spatial memory retrieval through SuM glutamate transmission.
    1. Neuroscience

    Paradoxical network excitation by glutamate release from VGluT3+ GABAergic interneurons

    Kenneth A Pelkey et al.
    Glutamate cotransmission from a subset of cortical GABAergic interneurons can promote network hyperexcitability.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    TTBK2 and primary cilia are essential for the connectivity and survival of cerebellar Purkinje neurons

    Emily Bowie, Sarah C Goetz
    Signaling at the primary cilium is important to sustain the morphology, connectivity, and survival of a key neural population within the brain.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Human Neocortical Neurosolver (HNN), a new software tool for interpreting the cellular and network origin of human MEG/EEG data

    Samuel A Neymotin et al.
    Human Neocortical Neurosolver is a new user-friendly software tool for researchers to develop and test hypotheses on cellular/circuit origins of human MEG/EEG signals using a biophysical model.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Distinct cytoskeletal proteins define zones of enhanced cell wall synthesis in Helicobacter pylori

    Jennifer A Taylor et al.
    The helical bacterium Helicobacter pylori patterns cell wall synthesis using two distinct cytoskeletal proteins, CcmA and MreB, to achieve its characteristic shape.
    1. Neuroscience

    Gradients in the mammalian cerebellar cortex enable Fourier-like transformation and improve storing capacity

    Isabelle Straub et al.
    Electrophysiological and computational approaches show that superficial and deep cerebellar granule cells preferentially fire during low- and high-frequency inputs, respectively, enabling a Fourier-like transformation in the granule cell layer.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    From single neurons to behavior in the jellyfish Aurelia aurita

    Fabian Pallasdies et al.
    A multiscale computational nerve net model describes how the activity of individual neurons controls the swimming motion of a jellyfish in its hydrodynamic environment.
    1. Neuroscience

    NINscope, a versatile miniscope for multi-region circuit investigations

    Andres de Groot et al.
    A light-weight, compact and open-source miniaturized fluorescence microscope integrates dual region brain imaging, optogenetic stimulation and behavioral parsing using an accelerometer.