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    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    HIV-1 Vpr antagonizes innate immune activation by targeting karyopherin-mediated NF-κB/IRF3 nuclear transport

    Hataf Khan et al.
    HIV-1 Vpr antagonises innate immune sensing of viral and non-viral stimuli by preventing activated IRF3 and NF-κB nuclear transport.
    1. Neuroscience

    Identification of an inhibitory neuron subtype, the L-stellate cell of the cochlear nucleus

    Tenzin Ngodup et al.
    A major new class of neuronal cell type has been discovered in the auditory system, having features that make it a critical component of auditory processing.
    1. Medicine

    The tricuspid valve also maladapts as shown in sheep with biventricular heart failure

    William D Meador et al.
    Demonstrating the tricuspid valve maladapts is critical, and understanding its regurgitation may aid in developing better treatment strategies.
    1. Cell Biology

    A versatile oblique plane microscope for large-scale and high-resolution imaging of subcellular dynamics

    Etai Sapoznik et al.
    A novel single-objective light-sheet microscope with unparalleled spatiotemporal resolution enables imaging and optical manipulation of diverse biological specimens and processes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Curvature-processing domains in primate V4

    Rendong Tang et al.
    Curvature-preferring neurons in monkey V4 cluster into 0.5-mm patches, which highlights the importance of curvature detection in visual object recognition and the key functional role of V4 in this process.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cerebellar and vestibular nuclear synapses in the inferior olive have distinct release kinetics and neurotransmitters

    Josef Turecek, Wade G Regehr
    Inhibition from the cerebellar nuclei to the inferior olive is exclusively asynchronous and GABAergic, whereas the vestibular nuclei provide rapid synchronous inhibition mediated by mixed GABA and glycinergic synapses.
    1. Neuroscience

    Fine-scale computations for adaptive processing in the human brain

    Elisa Zamboni et al.
    Laminar fMRI reveals that adaptive processing involves recurrent processing within visual cortex and top-down influences from posterior parietal cortex via feedback.
    1. Neuroscience

    Extended field-of-view ultrathin microendoscopes for high-resolution two-photon imaging with minimal invasiveness

    Andrea Antonini et al.
    Aberration correction using 3D microprinting in ultrathin microendoscopes allows two-photon imaging of large neuronal networks with homogeneously high spatial resolution and minimal invasiveness in the deep mouse brain.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The RIF1-long splice variant promotes G1 phase 53BP1 nuclear bodies to protect against replication stress

    Lotte P Watts et al.
    The RIF1-long and short splice variants show distinct ability to protect cells from replication stress by promoting 53BP1 nuclear bodies, representing the first described functional difference between the two variants.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Smchd1 is a maternal effect gene required for genomic imprinting

    Iromi Wanigasuriya et al.
    Imprinted gene expression is set up during a critical window of early embryonic development, by the translation of parental imprints by oocyte-supplied Smchd1 into allele-specific gene silencing.