2,348 results found
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Genes and Chromosomes

    CRISPR/Cas9 mutagenesis invalidates a putative cancer dependency targeted in on-going clinical trials

    Ann Lin et al.
    A putative therapeutic target undergoing clinical trials in breast cancer is non-essential and the drug used in those trials blocks cell division through an off-target effect.
    1. Human biology and medicine

    Point of View: Why clinical translation cannot succeed without failure

    Alex John London, Jonathan Kimmelman
    The high rates of attrition that occur in drug development are widely regarded as problematic, but the failure of well-designed studies benefits both researchers and healthcare systems.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Book Review: Bad medicine

    Richard Smith
    In his new book Ben Goldacre argues that the pharmaceutical industry is in poor health and in urgent need of treatment.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Stem Cells: Put to the test

    Marites T Woon, Timothy J Kamp
    Personalized heart muscle cells made from stem cells in the laboratory could be used to check an individual’s response to potential new drugs before clinical trials.
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    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    A single, continuous metric to define tiered serum neutralization potency against HIV

    Peter Hraber et al.
    To quantify serum or antibody activity against HIV-1, logistic regression of single-dilution neutralization outcomes can efficiently summarize neutralization potency and indicate which samples may lack sufficient statistical support, for high-throughput screening in large-scale vaccine trials.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Metformin inhibits mitochondrial complex I of cancer cells to reduce tumorigenesis

    William W Wheaton et al.
    The anti-diabetic drug metformin, currently in clinical trials as a potential anti-cancer agent, reduces tumor growth by inhibiting mitochondrial complex I of human cancer cells.
    1. Biophysics and Structural Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Molecular basis of sidekick-mediated cell-cell adhesion and specificity

    Kerry M Goodman et al.
    Crystal structures of synaptic recognition molecules Sidekick-1 and -2 reveal a single homodimer interaction mode responsible for both cell-cell recognition and cis-clustering, suggesting that competition between cis and trans interactions may be critical to specificity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Voltage-gated Na+ currents in human dorsal root ganglion neurons

    Xiulin Zhang et al.
    Human sensory neurons may not only bridge a critical gap between drug discovery and clinical trials, but force a re-evaluation of basic assumptions about the mechanisms controlling primary afferent excitability.
    1. Plant Biology

    Regulation of rice root development by a retrotransposon acting as a microRNA sponge

    Jungnam Cho, Jerzy Paszkowski
    Retrotransposon-derived messenger RNA plays a critical role in rice root development via sequestration of miR171, which suggests a novel trans-acting regulation by transposable elements.

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