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    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Junction Mapper is a novel computer vision tool to decipher cell–cell contact phenotypes

    Helena Brezovjakova et al.
    Junction Mapper is a powerful new semi-automated software that provides a fingerprint of cell–cell contact morphometry and receptor density alterations.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Embryonic geometry underlies phenotypic variation in decanalized conditions

    Anqi Huang et al.
    Gene regulatory networks incorporate information of the embryonic geometrical parameters to give rise to differential individual patterning outputs under decanalized genetics backgrounds.
    1. Cell Biology

    Loss of flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD) impairs sperm function and male reproductive advantage in C. elegans

    Chia-An Yen et al.
    Loss of FAD stemming from cell autonomous defects in mitochondrial proline catabolism impairs sperm quality male reproductive advantage in C. elegans.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Dynamic post-translational modification profiling of Mycobacterium tuberculosis-infected primary macrophages

    Jonathan M Budzik et al.
    Measurement of post-translational modifications in primary macrophages infected with Mtb revealed phosphorylation of TAX1BP1, an autophagy receptor that enables full maturation of the Mtb autophagosome.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Presynaptic developmental plasticity allows robust sparse wiring of the Drosophila mushroom body

    Najia A Elkahlah et al.
    Sensory innervation density in the insect associative learning center is set by postsynaptic cells and accomplished by flexible allocation of processes by presynaptic cells.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Specific depletion of the motor protein KIF5B leads to deficits in dendritic transport, synaptic plasticity and memory

    Junjun Zhao et al.
    Two homologous kinesin motors, KIF5A and KIF5B, have distinct functions in dendritic spine morphogenesis, and KIF5B plays a role in synaptic plasticity and memory.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    TTBK2 and primary cilia are essential for the connectivity and survival of cerebellar Purkinje neurons

    Emily Bowie, Sarah C Goetz
    Signaling at the primary cilium is important to sustain the morphology, connectivity, and survival of a key neural population within the brain.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Synteny-based analyses indicate that sequence divergence is not the main source of orphan genes

    Nikolaos Vakirlis et al.
    Homology information implicit in regions of conserved synteny allows quantification of gene origination by complete sequence divergence, revealing a larger-than-expected role for other mechanisms of origin, including de novo origination.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A widely distributed metalloenzyme class enables gut microbial metabolism of host- and diet-derived catechols

    Vayu Maini Rekdal et al.
    A previously unrecognized group of metalloenzymes enables human gut microbes to metabolize dietary molecules and neurotransmitters and likely mediates interactions and metabolism among environmental microorganisms.