212 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Calcium dependence of neurotransmitter release at a high fidelity synapse

    Abdelmoneim Eshra et al.
    The Ca2+-dependence of vesicle priming, fusion, and replenishment at cerebellar mossy fiber boutons show a prominent Ca2+-dependent priming step, a shallow non-saturating dose-response curve up to 50 µM, and little Ca2+-dependence of sustained vesicle replenishment.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Unbiased identification of novel transcription factors in striatal compartmentation and striosome maturation

    Maria-Daniela Cirnaru et al.
    RNAseq and ATACseq are utilized to identify transcription factors participating in striatal compartmentation into striosome and matrix, and roles for Stat1, Olig2, and Foxf2 are validated in vitro and in vivo.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Dual expression of Atoh1 and Ikzf2 promotes transformation of adult cochlear supporting cells into outer hair cells

    Suhong Sun et al.
    Adult cochlear supporting cells (SCs) are plastic and respond to ectopic Ikzf2 and Atoh1, and hair cell damage by up-regulating HC and down-regulating their endogenous SC genes.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    TRPC3 and NALCN channels drive pacemaking in substantia nigra dopaminergic neurons

    Ki Bum Um et al.
    The non-selective Na+ leak channel (NALCN) and the transient receptor potential 3 channel (TRPC3) cooperate in driving pacemaking in substantia nigra dopaminergic neurons.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Loss of N1-methylation of G37 in tRNA induces ribosome stalling and reprograms gene expression

    Isao Masuda et al.
    Biochemical and genome-wide analysis demonstrates that m1G37 is important for tRNA aminoacylation and for the entire elongation cycle of protein synthesis.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Hypoxia triggers collective aerotactic migration in Dictyostelium discoideum

    Olivier Cochet-Escartin et al.
    Cell assemblies can use environmental cues created by their own respiration, such as oxygen gradients, to collectively guide themselves to more favorable locations in a remarkably robust and long-lasting way.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Characterization of cephalic and non-cephalic sensory cell types provides insight into joint photo- and mechanoreceptor evolution

    Roger Revilla-i-Domingo et al.
    Molecular, cellular and behavioral genetic approaches in Platynereis dumerilii indicate that r-Opsins can act as ancient, light-dependent modulators of mechanosensation, and suggest that light-independent mechanosensory roles of r-Opsins evolved secondarily.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Rapid mechanical stimulation of inner-ear hair cells by photonic pressure

    Sanjeewa Abeytunge et al.
    A new method is described to apply rapid and uniform mechanical forces to vestibular and cochlear hair cells.
    1. Neuroscience

    Resonating neurons stabilize heterogeneous grid-cell networks

    Divyansh Mittal, Rishikesh Narayanan
    Intrinsic neuronal resonance stabilizes heterogeneous neural networks by suppressing low-frequency perturbations.
    1. Neuroscience

    Causal neural mechanisms of context-based object recognition

    Miles Wischnewski, Marius V Peelen
    Context-based object recognition causally relies on both scene- and object-selective cortex, with scene-selective cortex generating expectations (at 160-200 ms after onset) that disambiguate object representations in object-selective cortex (at 260-300 ms after onset).

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