3,550 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Evolutionary changes in transcription factor coding sequence quantitatively alter sensory organ development and function

    Simon Weinberger et al.
    The coding sequences of a very highly conserved family of neurogenic transcription factors from different species have evolved to generate proteins that have different life times causing them to display quantitatively different neural induction potentials.
    1. Neuroscience

    Independent theta phase coding accounts for CA1 population sequences and enables flexible remapping

    Angus Chadwick et al.
    Independent coding without synaptic coordination explains complex sequences of population activity observed during theta states and maximizes the number of distinct environments that can be encoded through population theta sequences.
    1. Plant Biology

    Natural haplotypes of FLM non-coding sequences fine-tune flowering time in ambient spring temperatures in Arabidopsis

    Ulrich Lutz et al.
    Gene expression changes associated with polymorphisms in non-coding sequences of the flowering time regulator FLM directly influence flowering time in ambient temperature in Arabidopsis over an extended vegetative period.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Protein-mediated RNA folding governs sequence-specific interactions between rotavirus genome segments

    Alexander Borodavka et al.
    In rotaviruses, the selective packaging of eleven distinct genomic RNA segments requires virus-encoded protein NSP2 to alter the RNA structures, facilitating their interactions with each other.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Isoforms: Fundamental differences

    Peter W Gunning, Edna C Hardeman
    The differences between β- and γ-actin are deeper than those between the amino acid sequences of these two proteins.
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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Diverse functions of homologous actin isoforms are defined by their nucleotide, rather than their amino acid sequence

    Pavan Vedula et al.
    CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing in mice reveals that diverse functions of actin isoforms are defined by their nucleotide, rather than their amino acid sequence, suggesting a novel mechanism of nucleotide-dependent protein regulation in eukaryotic genomes.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    RNA polymerase errors cause splicing defects and can be regulated by differential expression of RNA polymerase subunits

    Lucas B Carey
    A single human cell makes 10-100 transcriptional errors per second; these errors affect splicing and may influence the evolution of coding sequences.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Ribozyme-catalysed RNA synthesis using triplet building blocks

    James Attwater et al.
    Adopting RNA trinucleotides as substrates, ribozymes can catalyse the copying of structured RNA sequences, allowing self-synthesis by part of a newly evolved symbiotic ribozyme pair.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Ribosomes slide on lysine-encoding homopolymeric A stretches

    Kristin S Koutmou et al.
    Ribosomes undergo an unanticipated movement (‘sliding’) while translating homopolymeric A sequences, which provides a biochemical rationale for the observation that iterated AAA codons are under-represented in gene-coding sequences.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Codon-level information improves predictions of inter-residue contacts in proteins by correlated mutation analysis

    Etai Jacob et al.
    Correlated mutation analysis using a combination of amino acid and codon sequence alignments improves predictions of amino acid residue contacts in proteins.

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