84 results found
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Translation affects mRNA stability in a codon-dependent manner in human cells

    Qiushuang Wu et al.
    Genomic-profiles and reporters reveal that the three-nucleotide ‘words’ read by the ribosome, codons, have a strong effect on mRNA stability, impacting the homeostatic mRNA and protein levels in human cells.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Point of View: Biological causal links on physiological and evolutionary time scales

    Amit Karmon, Yitzhak Pilpel
    Increasing awareness that many causal links in biology might be bi-directional could overcome biases and improve scientific reasoning.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Electron tomography visualization of HIV-1 fusion with target cells using fusion inhibitors to trap the pre-hairpin intermediate

    Mark S Ladinsky et al.
    Visualization of HIV-1 fusion by trapping the prehairpin intermediate.
    1. Cell Biology

    Cooperation between tropomyosin and α-actinin inhibits fimbrin association with actin filament networks in fission yeast

    Jenna R Christensen et al.
    The contractile ring actin binding proteins tropomyosin Cdc8 and a-actinin Ain1 synergize to effectively compete with the endocytic actin patch protein fimbrin Fim1 for associating with F-actin networks.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Bim escapes displacement by BH3-mimetic anti-cancer drugs by double-bolt locking both Bcl-XL and Bcl-2

    Qian Liu et al.
    The pro-apoptotic BH3-protein Bim contains two distinct binding sites for anti-apoptotic proteins that together confer resistance of Bim/Bcl-2 and Bim/Bcl-XL complexes to BH3-mimetic drugs under development for use in humans.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    The endonuclease Cue2 cleaves mRNAs at stalled ribosomes during No Go Decay

    Karole N D'Orazio et al.
    Cue2 is an endonuclease that cleaves mRNA in the A site of the lagging ribosome upon ribosome collision events.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Transcriptome maps of general eukaryotic RNA degradation factors

    Salma Sohrabi-Jahromi et al.
    Mapping of 30 general RNA degradation factors onto the yeast transcriptome provides the global distribution of factors for RNA turnover and surveillance in a eukaryotic cell.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    A systematically-revised ribosome profiling method for bacteria reveals pauses at single-codon resolution

    Fuad Mohammad et al.
    With the removal of confounding artifacts, ribosome profiling can yield insight into the mechanism of protein synthesis in bacteria at high resolution.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    General decapping activators target different subsets of inefficiently translated mRNAs

    Feng He et al.
    Dhh1, Pat1, and Lsm1 target subsets of cellular mRNAs for decapping via interactions of these regulatory proteins with the C-terminal domain of Dcp2, the catalytic component of the decapping enzyme.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Codon optimization underpins generalist parasitism in fungi

    Thomas Badet et al.
    Codon optimization through biased synonymous substitutions is a characteristic feature of the genomes of generalist fungal parasites and is associated with the colonization of multiple hosts.

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