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    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Genetic predisposition to uterine leiomyoma is determined by loci for genitourinary development and genome stability

    Niko Välimäki et al.
    Genetic predisposition to uterine leiomyomas arises from variation at loci for genetic stability and genitourinary development, and in part explains the frequent occurrence of the condition in women with African origin.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    A Fyn biosensor reveals pulsatile, spatially localized kinase activity and signaling crosstalk in live mammalian cells

    Ananya Mukherjee et al.
    Unique biosensor design and protein-engineering enables direct visualization of the active form of Fyn kinase with high specificity, minimal perturbation and shows cellular signaling to be compartmentalized and pulsatile.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Learning is enhanced by tailoring instruction to individual genetic differences

    David G Mets, Michael S Brainard
    Tailoring instructive experience to individual genetic biases improves vocal learning outcomes across genetic backgrounds in the Bengalese finch.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Distinct roles for S. cerevisiae H2A copies in recombination and repeat stability, with a role for H2A.1 threonine 126

    Nealia CM House et al.
    Despite differing by only one amino acid in the C-terminal tail, copy 1 of yeast histone 2A has a repair-specific role not shared by copy 2.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Transcriptional profiling reveals extraordinary diversity among skeletal muscle tissues

    Erin E Terry et al.
    There is no such thing as a representative skeletal muscle tissue, as each member of this family of tissues expresses a specialized mRNA program.
    1. Cell Biology

    The ER membrane protein complex interacts cotranslationally to enable biogenesis of multipass membrane proteins

    Matthew J Shurtleff et al.
    The ER membrane protein complex promotes the biogenesis of a subset multipass membrane proteins enriched for transporters and other proteins with destabilizing features in transmembrane domains.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    A stable mode of bookmarking by TBP recruits RNA polymerase II to mitotic chromosomes

    Sheila S Teves et al.
    The general transcriptional machinery promotes the efficient reactivation of global transcription following mitosis, and thereby enables maintenance of transcriptional memory through the cell cycle.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Functional role of the type 1 pilus rod structure in mediating host-pathogen interactions

    Caitlin N Spaulding et al.
    The helical rod structure and dynamic spring-like properties of the type 1 pilus are evolutionarily fine-tuned for functioning in host-pathogen interactions during urinary tract infection and gut colonization.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Dynamic structure of locomotor behavior in walking fruit flies

    Alexander Y Katsov et al.
    A principled statistical segmentation of fruit fly walking leads to a compact model of immediate actions that can reproduce the unique behavioral sequences of individual flies.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    In vivo targeting of de novo DNA methylation by histone modifications in yeast and mouse

    Marco Morselli et al.
    DNA methylation deposition is dependent on the presence of H3K4me3 and H3K36me3 histone marks.