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    1. Neuroscience

    Primate homologs of mouse cortico-striatal circuits

    Joshua Henk Balsters et al.
    Connectivity fingerprint matching bridges the gap between mouse and primate neuroanatomy, addressing crucial questions surrounding brain evolution that likely impact translation across species.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Medicine

    Intrinsic excitation-inhibition imbalance affects medial prefrontal cortex differently in autistic men versus women

    Stavros Trakoshis et al.
    Excitation-inhibition imbalance affects medial prefrontal cortex differently in autistic males versus females.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Trading mental effort for confidence in the metacognitive control of value-based decision-making

    Douglas G Lee, Jean Daunizeau
    Intra-individual variability in choice, response time, subjective effort, confidence, and choice-induced preference change and certainty gain is explained by a cost–benefit model of cognitive resource allocation.
    1. Neuroscience

    A connectional hub in the rostral anterior cingulate cortex links areas of emotion and cognitive control

    Wei Tang et al.
    A hub in the rostral anterior cingulate cortex receives unusually high and functionally diverse inputs, providing a biological interface between motivation, incentive based learning, and decision making.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cognitive regulation alters social and dietary choice by changing attribute representations in domain-general and domain-specific brain circuits

    Anita Tusche, Cendri A Hutcherson
    Regulatory success operates by goal-consistent increases and decreases of distinct attribute representations in generic neural hubs and in domain-specific brain regions, explaining when and why regulatory success generalizes across domains and contexts.
    1. Neuroscience

    Unimodal statistical learning produces multimodal object-like representations

    Gábor Lengyel et al.
    Mere exposure to scenes with statistical contingencies in the visual or haptic modality alone allows participants to decompose scenes into object-like multimodal representations.
    1. Neuroscience

    Preserved sensory processing but hampered conflict detection when stimulus input is task-irrelevant

    Stijn Adriaan Nuiten et al.
    When all features of conflicting sensory input are task-irrelevant, the brain can still process its sensory information, whereas conflict detection requires that minimally one stimulus feature is task-relevant or associated with a response.
    1. Neuroscience

    Recruitment of the default mode network during a demanding act of executive control

    Ben M Crittenden et al.
    The default mode network in the brain is activated during the performance of executive-type tasks when a substantial change in cognitive contents is required.
    1. Neuroscience

    Modulation of dopamine D1 receptors via histamine H3 receptors is a novel therapeutic target for Huntington's disease

    David Moreno-Delgado et al.
    Progression of Huntington's disease can be slowed by altering dopamine signalling through the Dopamine 1 receptor - Histamine 3 receptor heteromer.
    1. Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Recovery of consciousness and cognition after general anesthesia in humans

    George A Mashour et al.
    Cognitive reconstitution after pharmacologic unconsciousness is an extended process, executive function is more robust than expected, and the healthy human brain is resilient to the effects of deep general anesthesia.