Intra-individual variability in choice, response time, subjective effort, confidence, and choice-induced preference change and certainty gain is explained by a cost–benefit model of cognitive resource allocation.
A hub in the rostral anterior cingulate cortex receives unusually high and functionally diverse inputs, providing a biological interface between motivation, incentive based learning, and decision making.
Regulatory success operates by goal-consistent increases and decreases of distinct attribute representations in generic neural hubs and in domain-specific brain regions, explaining when and why regulatory success generalizes across domains and contexts.
When all features of conflicting sensory input are task-irrelevant, the brain can still process its sensory information, whereas conflict detection requires that minimally one stimulus feature is task-relevant or associated with a response.
Cognitive reconstitution after pharmacologic unconsciousness is an extended process, executive function is more robust than expected, and the healthy human brain is resilient to the effects of deep general anesthesia.