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    1. Neuroscience

    Empirical examination of the replicability of associations between brain structure and psychological variables

    Shahrzad Kharabian Masouleh et al.
    Empirical evaluations demonstrate the low probability of finding and replicating significant associations between psychological tests and brain structure in healthy adults, highlighting the importance out-of-sample replication of exploratory findings.
    1. Neuroscience

    Perception of social interaction compresses subjective duration in an oxytocin-dependent manner

    Rui Liu et al.
    The subjective time of social interactions reflects one's autistic-like tendency and is critically mediated by oxytocin, indicating that time perception is ingrained with personality traits, which likely have neuroendocrine origins as per previous research.
    1. Neuroscience

    A resource-rational theory of set size effects in human visual working memory

    Ronald van den Berg, Wei Ji Ma
    Set size effects in visual working memory are explained as a resource-rational trade-off between an error-based behavioral cost and a neural encoding cost.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Positive and negative incentive contrasts lead to relative value perception in ants

    Stephanie Wendt et al.
    Relative value perception, a basic tenant of Behavioural Economics, is demonstrated in an insect, and further shown to be driven by cognitive processes and induced by private and social information.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Synaptic pruning in the female hippocampus is triggered at puberty by extrasynaptic GABAA receptors on dendritic spines

    Sonia Afroz et al.
    Extrasynaptic GABAA receptors that emerge at puberty trigger adolescent synaptic pruning; pruning is prevented and cognition is impaired if the receptors are absent.
    1. Neuroscience

    Poor coherence in older people's speech is explained by impaired semantic and executive processes

    Paul Hoffman et al.
    Remaining focused on the topic at hand when speaking depends on effective selection of task-relevant semantic knowledge, and declines in this ability account for increases in off-topic speech in older people.
    1. Neuroscience

    Separable pupillary signatures of perception and action during perceptual multistability

    Jan W Brascamp et al.
    When conscious visual perception changes, the observer's pupils simultaneously signal the accompanying change in visual cortical representation, and specific neuromodulatory activity that helps translate the altered visual experience into behavior.
    1. Neuroscience

    Induced sensorimotor cortex plasticity remediates chronic treatment-resistant visual neglect

    Jacinta O'Shea et al.
    Tonic disinhibition of left motor cortex during prism adaptation enhanced consolidation of sensorimotor and cognitive prism after effects, causing lasting clinical gains in three patient cases with chronic treatment-resistant visual neglect.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cognitive regulation alters social and dietary choice by changing attribute representations in domain-general and domain-specific brain circuits

    Anita Tusche, Cendri A Hutcherson
    Regulatory success operates by goal-consistent increases and decreases of distinct attribute representations in generic neural hubs and in domain-specific brain regions, explaining when and why regulatory success generalizes across domains and contexts.
    1. Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Citizen Science: Asking questions of psychedelic microdosing

    Lindsay P Cameron
    A citizen science approach to research has shown that the improvements in mood and cognition associated with psychedelic microdosing are likely due to a placebo effect.
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