253 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Activity patterns of serotonin neurons underlying cognitive flexibility

    Sara Matias et al.
    Recordings from serotonin-producing neurons in the brain reveal that these neurons are highly activated by sudden changes in previously familiar environments, potentially explaining why serotonin is important for learning to adapt to such changes.
    1. Neuroscience

    CXCL12-induced rescue of cortical dendritic spines and cognitive flexibility

    Lindsay K Festa et al.
    Unveiling a novel role of the chemokine CXCL12 in the mature brain that opens up new lines of investigation for the development of therapeutics against cognitive impairment.
    1. Neuroscience

    The role of oxytocin in delay of gratification and flexibility in non-social decision making

    Georgia Eleni Kapetaniou et al.
    Oxytocin was found to significantly improve non-social decision making in a healthy sample, suggesting a domain-general function of the hormone, in contrast to its previously hypothesized social domain specificity.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Linking mPFC circuit maturation to the developmental regulation of emotional memory and cognitive flexibility

    Cassandra B Klune et al.
    An analysis of recent literature advances novel hypotheses and suggests new experimental approaches in order to build an integrated understanding of prefrontal neural architecture and behavioral repertoires during development.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Fast and flexible sequence induction in spiking neural networks via rapid excitability changes

    Rich Pang, Adrienne L Fairhall
    Biologically plausible changes in the excitabilities of single neurons may suffice to selectively modulate sequential network dynamics, without modifying of recurrent connectivity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Boosts in brain signal variability track liberal shifts in decision bias

    Niels A Kloosterman et al.
    Modulation of moment-to-moment irregularity of neural activity closely tracks our ability to flexibly adapt decision biases to the environment.
    1. Neuroscience

    Interpretive monitoring in the caudate nucleus

    Marianna Yanike, Vincent P Ferrera
    The caudate region of the brain signals the context in which sensory evidence is evaluated, helping animals to adapt their behavior to changing conditions.
    1. Neuroscience

    Songbirds can learn flexible contextual control over syllable sequencing

    Lena Veit et al.
    Songbirds can use arbitrary visual cues to immediately, flexibly and adaptively control syntax of learned song vocalizations in a manner that parallels human cognitive control over syllable sequencing in speech.
    1. Neuroscience

    A resource-rational theory of set size effects in human visual working memory

    Ronald van den Berg, Wei Ji Ma
    Set size effects in visual working memory are explained as a resource-rational trade-off between an error-based behavioral cost and a neural encoding cost.
    1. Neuroscience

    Interneuron-specific gamma synchronization indexes cue uncertainty and prediction errors in lateral prefrontal and anterior cingulate cortex

    Kianoush Banaie Boroujeni et al.
    A fast spiking interneuron sub-type in medial and lateral prefrontal cortex fires and gamma-synchronizes prominently during adaptive learning of reward values when outcomes are uncertain and choice options have similar values.

Refine your results by:

Type
Research categories