2,721 results found
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Cell-to-cell infection by HIV contributes over half of virus infection

    Shingo Iwami et al.
    The human immunodeficiency virus HIV-1 primarily spreads between cells using a method called cell-to-cell infection, suggesting that this process may be a target for anti-viral drugs.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Mucosal infection rewires TNFɑ signaling dynamics to skew susceptibility to recurrence

    Lu Yu et al.
    Polarizing susceptibilities to recurrent bladder infection are shaped by a duality in TNFɑ-mediated inflammation dynamics upon challenge infection that is dictated by the outcome of the initial infection.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    CD28 expression is required after T cell priming for helper T cell responses and protective immunity to infection

    Michelle A Linterman et al.
    The co-stimulatory molecule CD28 is required after T cell priming for helper T cell polarization in response to an infection.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Cell differentiation defines acute and chronic infection cell types in Staphylococcus aureus

    Juan-Carlos García-Betancur et al.
    During Staphylococcus aureus infections, bacterial cells bifurcate into distinct, specialized cell types that localize physically in different colonization tissues to simultaneously generate different infection types.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Predicting mosquito infection from Plasmodium falciparum gametocyte density and estimating the reservoir of infection

    Thomas S Churcher et al.
    Identifying and treating those groups of individuals that are most likely to transmit the malaria parasite to mosquitoes could help to control the spread of the disease.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Evidence of human infection by a new mammarenavirus endemic to Southeastern Asia

    Kim R Blasdell et al.
    New mammarenaviruses have been identified from rodents in Cambodia and Thailand, and the Cardamones variant of Wēnzhōu virus has been found in Cambodian patients presenting with fever and respiratory symptoms.
    1. Ecology
    2. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Effectiveness of traveller screening for emerging pathogens is shaped by epidemiology and natural history of infection

    Katelyn M Gostic et al.
    Pathogen natural history, epidemiological knowledge, human behavior and epidemic progression determine whether symptom screening and questionnaires are effective barriers to geographic spread of infection by travelers.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Temporal proteomic analysis of HIV infection reveals remodelling of the host phosphoproteome by lentiviral Vif variants

    Edward JD Greenwood et al.
    A comprehensive whole cell proteomic map describing expression time courses of >6,500 viral and cellular proteins during HIV infection identifies Vif-dependent antagonism of key cellular phosphatase PP2A.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Incomplete inhibition of HIV infection results in more HIV infected lymph node cells by reducing cell death

    Laurelle Jackson et al.
    Under conditions where the force of HIV infection per cell is high, partial attenuation of infection with inhibitors can increase the number of live infected cells and may paradoxically be beneficial for viral spread.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    ISG15 counteracts Listeria monocytogenes infection

    Lilliana Radoshevich et al.
    The induction of ISG15 during bacterial infection can be independent of Type I Interferons and leads to an increase in the secretion of cytokines known to be critical for bacterial clearance.

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