3,584 results found
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Sex-based differences in clearance of chronic Plasmodium falciparum infection

    Jessica Briggs et al.
    Lower malaria prevalence in females does not appear to be due to lower rates of infection but rather due to faster clearance of asymptomatic infections.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    Intestinal infection regulates behavior and learning via neuroendocrine signaling

    Jogender Singh, Alejandro Aballay
    Feedback from the intestine during infection can modulate the behavior, learning, and microbial perception of the host.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Complement opsonization of HIV affects primary infection of human colorectal mucosa and subsequent activation of T cells

    Pradyot Bhattacharya et al.
    Complement opsonized HIV exposure gives rise to a colorectal mucosal environment with an initial suppressed antiviral response and increased infection of immune cells and altered activation of T cells.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Chronic ethanol consumption compromises neutrophil function in acute pulmonary Aspergillus fumigatus infection

    Nathalia Luisa Sousa de Oliveira Malacco et al.
    Cell biology analysis demonstrated for the first time the effect of chronic ethanol consumption in neutrophil impaired migration by CXCR2 downregulation and neutrophil function during acute Aspergillus fumigatus infection.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Cell-to-cell infection by HIV contributes over half of virus infection

    Shingo Iwami et al.
    The human immunodeficiency virus HIV-1 primarily spreads between cells using a method called cell-to-cell infection, suggesting that this process may be a target for anti-viral drugs.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Impact of community piped water coverage on re-infection with urogenital schistosomiasis in rural South Africa

    Polycarp Mogeni et al.
    Scale-up of piped water coverage in the local community strongly protects against S. haematobium re-infection intensity among primary school-going children following treatment with praziquantel.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    High-dimensional analysis of intestinal immune cells during helminth infection

    Laura Ferrer-Font et al.
    A systematic optimization of intestinal digestion protocols allows for the isolation and high-dimensional flow cytometric analysis of intestinal immune cells during murine helminth infection.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Mucosal infection rewires TNFɑ signaling dynamics to skew susceptibility to recurrence

    Lu Yu et al.
    Polarizing susceptibilities to recurrent bladder infection are shaped by a duality in TNFɑ-mediated inflammation dynamics upon challenge infection that is dictated by the outcome of the initial infection.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Cell differentiation defines acute and chronic infection cell types in Staphylococcus aureus

    Juan-Carlos García-Betancur et al.
    During Staphylococcus aureus infections, bacterial cells bifurcate into distinct, specialized cell types that localize physically in different colonization tissues to simultaneously generate different infection types.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    CD28 expression is required after T cell priming for helper T cell responses and protective immunity to infection

    Michelle A Linterman et al.
    The co-stimulatory molecule CD28 is required after T cell priming for helper T cell polarization in response to an infection.

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