3,963 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    How oscillating aerodynamic forces explain the timbre of the hummingbird’s hum and other animals in flapping flight

    Ben J Hightower et al.
    A first-principles acoustics model reveals how the acoustic spectrum generated by flapping wings originates from oscillating aerodynamic forces, and is validated by in vivo aerodynamic force measurements and acoustic holography.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Medicine

    Augmenter of liver regeneration regulates cellular iron homeostasis by modulating mitochondrial transport of ATP-binding cassette B8

    Hsiang-Chun Chang et al.
    Mammalian cellular iron homeostasis and the maturation of the cytosolic iron sulfur cluster proteins are dependent on the mitochondrial protein import machinery.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Evolutionarily conserved sperm factors, DCST1 and DCST2, are required for gamete fusion

    Naokazu Inoue et al.
    Mammalian fertilization is accomplished through integrating various molecular pathways that include evolutionarily conserved factors, DCST1 and DCST2.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    Development and characterization of a chronic implant mouse model for vagus nerve stimulation

    Ibrahim T Mughrabi et al.
    Long-term, dose-controlled vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) is feasible in mice using a multi-lab validated implantation procedure, allowing therapeutic testing of VNS in many disease models.
    1. Neuroscience

    Local projections of layer Vb-to-Va are more prominent in lateral than in medial entorhinal cortex

    Shinya Ohara et al.
    The connection from layer Vb-to-Va neurons, a key component of the canonical hippocampal-cortical output circuit, which is allegedly crucial for memory consolidation, is relatively stronger in lateral entorhinal cortex compared with the medial entorhinal cortex, thus suggesting different operating principles.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Medicine

    SARS-CoV-2 suppresses anticoagulant and fibrinolytic gene expression in the lung

    Alan E Mast et al.
    Transcription changes in cells taken from bronchoalveolar fluid of COVID-19 patients indicate severe disruption of coagulation and fibrinolytic pathways in the lung and suggest similar processes in other organs.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Mouse aging cell atlas analysis reveals global and cell type-specific aging signatures

    Martin Jinye Zhang et al.
    Comprehensive single-cell transcriptome analysis reveals global and tissue-specific aging markers and characterizes the heterogeneous aging status of different cell types and tissues in mouse.
    1. Neuroscience

    Circuit organization of the excitatory sensorimotor loop through hand/forelimb S1 and M1

    Naoki Yamawaki et al.
    Cell-type-specific circuit analysis reveals a highly polysynaptic pattern of excitatory feedforward connections along the somatosensory-to-motor loop, from cuneate via VPL thalamus to S1 and M1 cortex and corticospinal neurons.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Cerebrospinal fluid proteome maps detect pathogen-specific host response patterns in meningitis

    Anahita Bakochi et al.
    Statistical analysis and LASSO regression modeling provide insights into pathogen-specific host response patterns in cerebrospinal fluid from different disease etiologies to support future classification of pathogen type based on host response patterns in meningitis.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cryo-EM structure of the yeast TREX complex and coordination with the SR-like protein Gbp2

    Yihu Xie et al.
    Cryo-EM and chemical cross-linking studies yield an atomic resolution structure of a conserved remodeling machinery in messenger ribonucleoprotein maturation/nuclear export and insights into its coordinated function with a serine–arginine protein.

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