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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A molecular tweezer antagonizes seminal amyloids and HIV infection

    Edina Lump et al.
    CLR01 is a small molecule that could be an effective topical microbicide to eliminate HIV (and other enveloped viruses), and to antagonize host-encoded amyloid fibrils that promote HIV infection.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Suppressor of cytokine signaling (SOCS)5 ameliorates influenza infection via inhibition of EGFR signaling

    Lukasz Kedzierski et al.
    The intracellular SOCS5 protein has a unique and key role in restraining influenza A infection by regulating epidermal growth factor receptor signaling in airway epithelial cells.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Evidence of human infection by a new mammarenavirus endemic to Southeastern Asia

    Kim R Blasdell et al.
    New mammarenaviruses have been identified from rodents in Cambodia and Thailand, and the Cardamones variant of Wēnzhōu virus has been found in Cambodian patients presenting with fever and respiratory symptoms.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Temporal proteomic analysis of HIV infection reveals remodelling of the host phosphoproteome by lentiviral Vif variants

    Edward JD Greenwood et al.
    A comprehensive whole cell proteomic map describing expression time courses of >6,500 viral and cellular proteins during HIV infection identifies Vif-dependent antagonism of key cellular phosphatase PP2A.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    ISG15 counteracts Listeria monocytogenes infection

    Lilliana Radoshevich et al.
    The induction of ISG15 during bacterial infection can be independent of Type I Interferons and leads to an increase in the secretion of cytokines known to be critical for bacterial clearance.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    A lung-on-chip model of early Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection reveals an essential role for alveolar epithelial cells in controlling bacterial growth

    Vivek V Thacker et al.
    Time-lapse imaging and the modular recreation of host physiology reveal that alveolar epithelial cells, potential permissive infection sites for Mycobacterium tuberculosis, can restrict early bacterial growth via surfactant secretion.
    1. Plant Biology

    A viral protein promotes host SAMS1 activity and ethylene production for the benefit of virus infection

    Shanshan Zhao et al.
    Rice dwarf virus Pns11 protein increases rice susceptibility to virus infection by enhancing OsSAMS1 enzymatic activity and ethylene production.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Parvovirus minute virus of mice interacts with sites of cellular DNA damage to establish and amplify its lytic infection

    Kinjal Majumder et al.
    Development of a generally adaptable conformational capture assay for use in-trans identifies the specific direct interaction sites between the parvovirus minute virus of mice and the cellular genome during infection as sites of cellular DNA damage.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A single mutation in Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus discovered in ticks impairs infectivity in human cells

    Brian L Hua et al.
    Tick-derived sequence variation in the fusion glycoprotein of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus (CCHFV) drastically impairs infection of mammalian cells, suggesting that certain CCHFV strains undergo purifying selection in mammalian hosts.
    1. Medicine
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    HIV-1 DNA predicts disease progression and post-treatment virological control

    James P Williams et al.
    Measuring HIV-1 DNA levels at the time of stopping antiretroviral therapy (when initiated during primary infection) predicts clinical progression and the time taken for plasma viraemia to become detectable.