5,139 results found
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    The evolution of distributed sensing and collective computation in animal populations

    Andrew M Hein et al.
    A computational model shows that natural selection can cause populations to evolve a distinctive population-level phenotype: the ability to transition between collective states in response to the environment.
    1. Ecology

    Group size and composition influence collective movement in a highly social terrestrial bird

    Danai Papageorgiou, Damien Roger Farine
    High-resolution GPS data revealed a quadratic relationship between group size and movement, with vulturine guineafowl groups of intermediate size exhibiting the largest home-range size and greater variation in site use.
    1. Ecology

    Habitat and social factors shape individual decisions and emergent group structure during baboon collective movement

    Ariana Strandburg-Peshkin et al.
    For baboons on the move, habitat features across multiple spatial scales combine with social interactions to impact the movements of individuals, ultimately shaping the structure of the whole group.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Evolution of multicellularity by collective integration of spatial information

    Enrico Sandro Colizzi et al.
    Selection for undifferentiated multicellularity emerges in an evolutionary cell-based model because a collective of cells performs chemotaxis better than single cells in a noisy environment.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Ecological feedback in quorum-sensing microbial populations can induce heterogeneous production of autoinducers

    Matthias Bauer et al.
    Quorum sensing enables heterogeneous production of autoinducers in microbial populations, suggesting an alternative mechanism to stochastic gene expression in bistable gene-regulatory circuits to control phenotypic heterogeneity.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Shared behavioral mechanisms underlie C. elegans aggregation and swarming

    Siyu Serena Ding et al.
    Two seemingly distinct behaviors in social C. elegans worms, namely aggregating into groups and swarming over food, are driven by the same underlying mechanisms.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Dynamics of pattern formation and emergence of swarming in Caenorhabditis elegans

    Esin Demir et al.
    Collective responses of animals are generally controlled by complex biological mechanisms and in Caenorhabditis eleganscollective dynamics are purely controlled by physical parameters such as oxygen penetration and bacterial diffusion.
    1. Neuroscience

    Hidden synaptic differences in a neural circuit underlie differential behavioral susceptibility to a neural injury

    Akira Sakurai et al.
    Animal-to-animal variability in neural circuit elements is often hidden under normal conditions, but becomes functionally relevant when the system is challenged by injury.
    1. Neuroscience

    Impaired voice processing in reward and salience circuits predicts social communication in children with autism

    Daniel Arthur Abrams et al.
    Children with autism often 'tune out' the voices in their environment and new results show that impaired processing of voices in the brain's reward system may underlie this social behavior.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Sex-specific effects of cooperative breeding and colonial nesting on prosociality in corvids

    Lisa Horn et al.
    A systematic experimental comparison of prosocial behavior in eight corvid species reveals sex-specific effects of cooperative breeding and colonial nesting, thereby adding important new insights regarding the evolution of prosociality.

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