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    1. Neuroscience

    An arbitrary-spectrum spatial visual stimulator for vision research

    Katrin Franke et al.
    Towards a community effort, we here present a flexible yet standardised visual stimulator design based on open hardware and software.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Introgression of regulatory alleles and a missense coding mutation drive plumage pattern diversity in the rock pigeon

    Anna I Vickrey et al.
    Different kinds of molecular changes at one genetic locus control different feather pigmentation patterns, and the darkest patterns resulted from hybridization with another species.
    1. Neuroscience

    Monkey EEG links neuronal color and motion information across species and scales

    Florian Sandhaeger et al.
    Using Monkey EEG as a bridge technology, color and motion representations in human MEG are linked to microcircuit activity in ventral stream areas.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    A β-carotene-binding protein carrying a red pigment regulates body-color transition between green and black in locusts

    Meiling Yang et al.
    Body color change of locusts reveals a new 'palette effect' mechanism by which the red βCBP–β-carotene pigment complex acts as a switch to coordinate between black and green coloration.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Untwisting the Caenorhabditis elegans embryo

    Ryan Patrick Christensen et al.
    Open-source software can untwist images of live Caenorhabditis elegans embryos, allowing epidermal and neuronal cell position and morphology to be examined in previously inaccessible developmental time periods.
    1. Neuroscience

    The Na+/Ca2+, K+ exchanger NCKX4 is required for efficient cone-mediated vision

    Frans Vinberg et al.
    Molecular, genetic, and functional analysis is used to show that the olfactory Na+/Ca2+, K+ exchanger NCKX4 is expressed in cone photoreceptors and is critical for the wide operating range and high temporal resolution of cone-mediated vision.
    1. Neuroscience

    Surface color and predictability determine contextual modulation of V1 firing and gamma oscillations

    Alina Peter et al.
    Colored surfaces induce strong gamma-synchronization yet sparse firing in V1 when receptive field inputs are predicted from the surrounding spatial context.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Parallel Activin and BMP signaling coordinates R7/R8 photoreceptor subtype pairing in the stochastic Drosophila retina

    Brent S Wells et al.
    TGFβ family members instruct a cell fate decision downstream of stochastic signaling in the Drosophila retina to ensure correct pairing between different color photoreceptors for color vision.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Convalescent COVID-19 patients are susceptible to endothelial dysfunction due to persistent immune activation

    Florence WJ Chioh et al.
    COVID-19 survivors, who are at risk for vascular complications, would benefit from close monitoring and preventive therapy.
    1. Ecology
    2. Plant Biology

    The diversity of floral temperature patterns, and their use by pollinators

    Michael JM Harrap et al.
    Flowers of different plant species show distinct and highly diverse patterns of temperature across their surfaces, and bumblebees are able to differentiate between these previously unnoticed but widespread floral cues.