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    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Topography of cancer-associated immune cells in human solid tumors

    Jakob Nikolas Kather et al.
    Spatial patterns of lymphoid and myeloid cells in human solid tumors differ between cancer types, yielding a new classification of anti-tumor host response.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Replication Study: Fusobacterium nucleatum infection is prevalent in human colorectal carcinoma

    John Repass, Reproducibility Project: Cancer Biology
    Editors' Summary: This Replication Study did not reproduce those experiments in the original paper that it attempted to reproduce.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    A KRAS-directed transcriptional silencing pathway that mediates the CpG island methylator phenotype

    Ryan W Serra et al.
    A pathway directed by the KRAS oncoprotein leads to aberrant hypermethylation and transcriptional silencing of many genes including tumor suppressors, thereby promoting tumor development.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Stress responsive miR-31 is a major modulator of mouse intestinal stem cells during regeneration and tumorigenesis

    Yuhua Tian et al.
    miR-31 drives proliferation of intestinal stem cells, and protects intestinal stem cells against apoptosis both during homeostasis and regeneration in response to ionizing radiation injury, and promotes intestinal tumorigenesis through regulation of multiple signaling pathways.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Werner syndrome helicase is a selective vulnerability of microsatellite instability-high tumor cells

    Simone Lieb et al.
    Targeting Werner syndrome helicase might constitute a novel opportunity for the treatment of a clinically defined subset of patients harboring MSI-H/MMR-deficient tumors.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A Histidine pH sensor regulates activation of the Ras-specific guanine nucleotide exchange factor RasGRP1

    Yvonne Vercoulen et al.
    The Ras activator RasGRP1 that impacts Ras signals in immune cells, leukemias, and colorectal cancer, switches to an active conformation aided by a pH-sensitive histidine residue in a central location of the RasGRP1 molecule.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    FAK/PYK2 promotes the Wnt/β-catenin pathway and intestinal tumorigenesis by phosphorylating GSK3β

    Chenxi Gao et al.
    Dual FAK/PYK2 kinase inhibition disrupts GSK3β phosphorylation and may present a new treatment for colorectal cancer in patients carrying APC mutations.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Science Forum: Unit of analysis issues in laboratory-based research

    Nick R Parsons et al.
    A simulation study is used to demonstrate how mistakes in identifying the experimental unit and the unit of analysis can lead to incorrect analyses and inappropriate inferences when reporting research studies.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Science Forum: Challenges in validating candidate therapeutic targets in cancer

    Jeffrey Settleman et al.
    More than 30 published articles have suggested that a protein kinase called MELK is an attractive therapeutic target in human cancer, but three recent reports describe compelling evidence that it is not.