3,661 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Enrichment drives emergence of functional columns and improves sensory coding in the whisker map in L2/3 of mouse S1

    Amy M LeMessurier et al.
    Sensory enrichment creates a more columnar, less salt-and-pepper whisker map in somatosensory cortex, showing that impoverished experience contributes to intermixed tuning in rodent sensory maps.
    1. Neuroscience

    Coordinated neuronal ensembles in primary auditory cortical columns

    Jermyn Z See et al.
    Auditory cortical columns contain small subsets of neurons with highly synchronous activity (cNEs) that create robust sequences of coordinated activity suitable for enhanced information processing and signal transmission beyond the capability of individual neurons.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Critical roles of ARHGAP36 as a signal transduction mediator of Shh pathway in lateral motor columnar specification

    Heejin Nam et al.
    Shh, produced by postmitotic spinal neurons, plays crucial roles in the specification of the lateral motor column of the spinal cord through ARHGAP36.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Dynamics of venom composition across a complex life cycle

    Yaara Y Columbus-Shenkar et al.
    Different developmental stages of a venomous animal (e.g. Nematostella vectensis) with a complex life cycle produce vastly different venoms that can serve in different antagonistic interactions with other species.
    1. Neuroscience

    Ten simple rules for the computational modeling of behavioral data

    Robert C Wilson, Anne GE Collins
    Computational modeling of cognitive and neuroscience data is an insightful and powerful tool, but has many potential pitfalls that can be avoided by following simple guidelines.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Pitx2c orchestrates embryonic axis extension via mesendodermal cell migration

    Michelle M Collins et al.
    Expression of Pitx2c at the onset of gastrulation drives convergence and extension movements in the zebrafish embryo by promoting downstream pathways affecting chemokine signaling, integrin-ECM interactions, and planar cell polarity components.
    1. Neuroscience

    Activity of the C. elegans egg-laying behavior circuit is controlled by competing activation and feedback inhibition

    Kevin M Collins et al.
    The neural circuit that regulates egg-laying behavior in nematode worms is activated by egg production, coupled to the circuit that generates movement, and inhibited by sensory feedback from egg release.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Stem cell progeny contribute to the schistosome host-parasite interface

    James J Collins III et al.
    Stem cells are found to continually rejuvenate the epidermis of the human parasite Schistosoma mansoni.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Temporal identity establishes columnar neuron morphology, connectivity, and function in a Drosophila navigation circuit

    Luis F Sullivan et al.
    The Eyeless/Pax6 temporal transcription factor generates neuronal identity, connectivity, and flight navigation behavior within the conserved adult brain structure called the central complex.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    The tumor suppressor PTEN and the PDK1 kinase regulate formation of the columnar neural epithelium

    Joaquim Grego-Bessa et al.
    In addition to its role in regulating proliferation and cell death, the PTEN tumor suppressor regulates epithelial morphogenesis through the PDK1 kinase.

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