3,213 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Brain endothelial cell TRPA1 channels initiate neurovascular coupling

    Pratish Thakore et al.
    Activation of TRPA1 channels on cerebral capillary endothelial cells initiates a retrograde signal that propagates and dilates upstream arterioles.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Repeated outbreaks drive the evolution of bacteriophage communication

    Hilje M Doekes et al.
    Mathematical modelling suggests that the evolution of communication between bacterial viruses requires repeated outbreak events, and the model then predicts typical communication strategies.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Retrograde ERK activation waves drive base-to-apex multicellular flow in murine cochlear duct morphogenesis

    Mamoru Ishii et al.
    Live-cell imaging and mathematical modeling reveal the physical basis of collective cell migration underlying spiral cochlear duct formation during murine inner ear development.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    SARS-CoV-2 S protein:ACE2 interaction reveals novel allosteric targets

    Palur V Raghuvamsi et al.
    SARS-CoV-2 spike protein binding to receptor angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 allosterically enhances furin proteolysis at distal S1/S2 cleavage sites.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Precise base editing for the in vivo study of developmental signaling and human pathologies in zebrafish

    Marion Rosello et al.
    Base editors, with improved specificity and expanded PAM sequence recognition, can be used in zebrafish for the rapid and efficient introduction of single base pair mutations.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    HP1 proteins compact DNA into mechanically and positionally stable phase separated domains

    Madeline M Keenen et al.
    Heterochromatin proteins compartmentalize DNA into compact structures resistant to mechanical disruption but susceptible to competitive dissolution.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Viral load and contact heterogeneity predict SARS-CoV-2 transmission and super-spreading events

    Ashish Goyal et al.
    A mathematical model was used to establish a simple conceptual basis for why super-spreader events fundamentally drive the spread of SARS-CoV-2 but not influenza.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    NAD+ enhances ribitol and ribose rescue of α-dystroglycan functional glycosylation in human FKRP-mutant myotubes

    Carolina Ortiz-Cordero et al.
    The combined use of NAD+ with ribitol or ribose potentiates the rescue of α-dystroglycan functional glycosylation in FKRP-mutant patient-specific iPSC-derived myotubes, representing potential novel treatments for FKRP muscular dystrophies.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    shinyDepMap, a tool to identify targetable cancer genes and their functional connections from Cancer Dependency Map data

    Kenichi Shimada et al.
    shinyDepMap helps users explore the essentiality, selectivity, and function of the genes across hundreds of cancer cell lines and identify cancer drug targets.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    SUMO is a pervasive regulator of meiosis

    Nikhil R Bhagwat et al.
    Multi-dimensional global proteomics describes the SUMO-modified proteome during meiosis and reveals novel roles in regulating the key events of meiotic chromosome metabolism.

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