402 results found
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Genome-wide alterations of uracil distribution patterns in human DNA upon chemotherapeutic treatments

    Hajnalka L Pálinkás et al.
    Human genomic DNA contains uracil in the late replicating, constitutive heterochromatic regions, while treatment with drugs perturbing thymidylate biosynthesis shifts the uracil distribution pattern towards the euchromatin in UNG-inhibited cells.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The Mla pathway in Acinetobacter baumannii has no demonstrable role in anterograde lipid transport

    Matthew J Powers et al.
    An outer membrane vesicle pulse-chase assay demonstrates that the Acinetobacter baumannii Mla system is a retrograde lipid transporter.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Sox17 and β-catenin co-occupy Wnt-responsive enhancers to govern the endoderm gene regulatory network

    Shreyasi Mukherjee et al.
    Genomic analysis of Xenopus gastrula reveal that the transcription factor Sox17 interacts with the Wnt signaling effector ß-catenin on enhancers to regulate the transcriptional program underlying endoderm germ layer formation.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Clusters of polymorphic transmembrane genes control resistance to schistosomes in snail vectors

    Jacob A Tennessen et al.
    A region of the Biomphalaria genome, containing highly divergent haplotypes with different combinations of transmembrane genes, strongly impacts whether these snails can transmit parasitic schistosomes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dissociable control of unconditioned responses and associative fear learning by parabrachial CGRP neurons

    Anna J Bowen et al.
    Parabrachial neurons expressing CGRP relay affective components of ascending pain information via distinct thalamic and amygdalar pathways, which together contribute to complementary aspects of adaptive threat responses.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Shadow enhancers can suppress input transcription factor noise through distinct regulatory logic

    Rachel Waymack et al.
    Proper development depends on establishing precise gene expression patterns in spite of the inherent noise in transcription, shadow enhancers buffer this noise by binding distinct input transcription factors.
    1. Medicine
    2. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Reducing respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) hospitalization in a lower-income country by vaccinating mothers-to-be and their households

    Samuel PC Brand et al.
    Targeting the mothers, and other household members, of newborns with a mixture of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) vaccines is both efficient and effective at reducing RSV hospitalizations.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Dissecting the immunosuppressive tumor microenvironments in Glioblastoma-on-a-Chip for optimized PD-1 immunotherapy

    Xin Cui et al.
    A biomimetic and patient-specific Glioblastoma-on-a-Chip microphysiological system provides an avenue for personalized screening of PD-1 immunotherapy and novel combinational therapies that maximize therapeutic outcomes in Glioblastoma patients.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Geometric models for robust encoding of dynamical information into embryonic patterns

    Laurent Jutras-Dubé et al.
    Propagation, speed and shapes of genetic waves of expression during development can be modeled by a simple interplay between two transcriptional modules (dynamic/static), which explains robustness and precision of patterning.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Intrinsic control of neuronal diversity and synaptic specificity in a proprioceptive circuit

    Maggie M Shin et al.
    Genetic and anatomical analyses of Hox gene function uncover a limb-independent program of sensory neuron fate specification and connectivity.

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