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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    A new synthetic biology approach allows transfer of an entire metabolic pathway from a medicinal plant to a biomass crop

    Paulina Fuentes et al.
    A combination of chloroplast transformation with nuclear transformation and large-scale metabolic screening of supertransformed plant lines has enabled an entire biochemical pathway to be transferred from a medicinal plant to a high-biomass crop.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Dynamic control of gene regulatory logic by seemingly redundant transcription factors

    Zohreh AkhavanAghdam et al.
    Seemingly redundant homologous transcription factors play distinct and cooperative roles in time-dependent combinatorial gene regulation and enable dynamic control of heterogeneity in the gene responses to environmental stresses.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Odd-paired controls frequency doubling in Drosophila segmentation by altering the pair-rule gene regulatory network

    Erik Clark, Michael Akam
    The organisation of the Drosophila embryo into segmental units is orchestrated by combinatorial regulatory interactions between spatially patterned and temporally patterned transcription factors.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Time-resolved mapping of genetic interactions to model rewiring of signaling pathways

    Florian Heigwer et al.
    Genetic interaction analysis by combinatorial genetic perturbation and high-throughput imaging maps time- and context-dependent crosstalk between signaling pathways.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Intrinsic disorder within AKAP79 fine-tunes anchored phosphatase activity toward substrates and drug sensitivity

    Patrick J Nygren et al.
    Flexibility is a defining feature of AKAP kinase-phosphatase assemblies and points toward a mechanism whereby combinatorial recruitment of binding partners tailors the overall conformation of the macromolecular assembly, allowing customized physiological roles.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis of diverse membrane target recognitions by ankyrins

    Chao Wang et al.
    The 24 ankyrin repeats of ankyrin proteins form an extended solenoid that provides an extremely conserved groove for binding to numerous targets via combinatorial usage of multiple weak interaction sites.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Multi-species, multi-transcription factor binding highlights conserved control of tissue-specific biological pathways

    Benoit Ballester et al.
    Combinatorial transcription factor binding shared by multiple species enriches for essential biological pathways and coincides with disease-causing regulatory DNA mutations.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Splicing in a single neuron is coordinately controlled by RNA binding proteins and transcription factors

    Morgan Thompson et al.
    Single-cell splicing of a conserved neuronal kinase is established by a combinatorial code of fate-determining transcription factors and neuronal RNA binding proteins, with different combinations in different neuron types.
    1. Neuroscience

    Slow presynaptic mechanisms that mediate adaptation in the olfactory pathway of Drosophila

    Carlotta Martelli, André Fiala
    Slow presynaptic depression in olfactory receptor neurons rescales combinatorial odor representations in postsynaptic neurons and mediates the encoding of stimulus mean and variance.
    1. Neuroscience

    Functional specification of CCK+ interneurons by alternative isoforms of Kv4.3 auxiliary subunits

    Viktor János Oláh et al.
    Single cell RNA, protein and electrophysiology data revealed that combinatorial availability of three auxiliary subunit isoforms of a single ion channel is sufficient for generating distinct, input frequency-sensitive firing phenotypes.