3,756 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Midbrain dopamine neurons compute inferred and cached value prediction errors in a common framework

    Brian F Sadacca et al.
    Midbrain dopamine neurons in rats signal discrepancies between predicted and actual rewards, regardless of whether the rewards are predicted on the basis of experience or inference.
    1. Neuroscience

    A common directional tuning mechanism of Drosophila motion-sensing neurons in the ON and in the OFF pathway

    Juergen Haag et al.
    A common mechanism for computation of direction selectivity in the ON and OFF channel is demonstrated.
    1. Neuroscience

    Comment on "Magnetosensitive neurons mediate geomagnetic orientation in Caenorhabditis elegans"

    Lukas Landler et al.
    Employing blinded controlled methodology we find no evidence for a magnetic sense in the nematode worm Caenorhabditis elegans.
    1. Neuroscience

    Response to comment on "Magnetosensitive neurons mediate geomagnetic orientation in Caenorhabditis elegans"

    Andres Vidal-Gadea et al.
    A reanalysis of data from a challenge by Landler et al. (2018) and our Vidal-Gadea et al. (2015) study reinforce our original finding that C. elegans is a suitable model system to study magnetoreception.
    1. Neuroscience

    MDN brain descending neurons coordinately activate backward and inhibit forward locomotion

    Arnaldo Carreira-Rosario et al.
    A brain descending interneuron can coordinate a switch between two antagonistic behaviors (forward and backward locomotions).
    1. Neuroscience

    A neural command circuit for grooming movement control

    Stefanie Hampel et al.
    The identification of a neural circuit that drives a specific grooming movement in Drosophila reveals that it may also control movement parameters, such as duration.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The head direction circuit of two insect species

    Ioannis Pisokas et al.
    Two evolutionary distant insect species share a common head direction circuit with subtle differences in neuronal morphologies that result in distinct circuit dynamics adapted to each species’ ecology.
    1. Neuroscience

    Subthalamic, not striatal, activity correlates with basal ganglia downstream activity in normal and parkinsonian monkeys

    Marc Deffains et al.
    The spiking activity of the subthalamic nucleus, rather than the activity of striatal projection neurons, orchestrates basal ganglia downstream activity and output commands in health and Parkinson’s disease.
    1. Neuroscience

    Generalizable knowledge outweighs incidental details in prefrontal ensemble code over time

    Mark D Morrissey et al.
    Neuron ensembles in the medial prefrontal cortex gradually develop codes for relevant, latent variables common across multiple experiences while – apparently independently – losing information about irrelevant, contextual variables unique to each experience.
    1. Neuroscience

    A neural-level model of spatial memory and imagery

    Andrej Bicanski, Neil Burgess
    The BB model explains spatial cognition in terms of interactions between specific neuronal populations, providing a common computational framework for the human neuropsychological and in vivo animal electrophysiological literatures.

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