3,018 results found
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Vaccination induces rapid protection against bacterial pneumonia via training alveolar macrophage in mice

    Hao Gu et al.
    Intranasal immunization of inactivated whole cell of some Gram-negative bacteria induces very rapid and efficient protection against bacterial pulmonary by training alveolar macrophage response, which can be harnessed to design rapid-effecting vaccine against multidrug-resistant bacteria infection.
    1. Ecology

    Experimental evaluation of the importance of colonization history in early-life gut microbiota assembly

    Inés Martínez et al.
    Experiments in ex-germ-free mice establish a measurable effect of colonization history on gut microbiota assembly, illuminating a potential cause for the high levels of unexplained individuality in host-associated microbial communities.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Plant Biology

    The plant-specific transcription factors CBP60g and SARD1 are targeted by a Verticillium secretory protein VdSCP41 to modulate immunity

    Jun Qin et al.
    Genetic and biochemical analyses reveal a virulence mechanism employed by V. dahliae that involves inhibition of the transcription factor activity of CBP60g and SARD1.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Community effects in regulation of translation

    Paul M Macdonald et al.
    Regulatory elements in an mRNA that act in cis to influence translation can also exert their effects in trans, in a process dependent on assembly of the mRNAs into particles.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Concerted IL-25R and IL-4Rα signaling drive innate type 2 effector immunity for optimal helminth expulsion

    Katherine A Smith et al.
    Immune expulsion of helminth parasites is driven by two key pathways mediated by soluble cytokines ligating to the IL-4 and IL-25 receptors acting on innate effector cells throughout the course of infection.
    1. Ecology

    The effect of host community functional traits on plant disease risk varies along an elevational gradient

    Fletcher W Halliday et al.
    Environmental gradients can modify a fundamental relationship between host community structure and disease, with implications for predicting disease risk in a changing world.
    1. Ecology

    Genomic adaptations in information processing underpin trophic strategy in a whole-ecosystem nutrient enrichment experiment

    Jordan G Okie et al.
    Trait-based metagenomic analysis of an ecosystem fertilization experiment shows that genomic traits that affect the costs and rates of biochemical information-processing mediate community assembly.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Quantification of anti-parasite and anti-disease immunity to malaria as a function of age and exposure

    Isabel Rodriguez-Barraquer et al.
    Analyses of detailed clinical and entomological data from cohort studies reveal how anti-parasite and anti-disease immunity against P. falciparum develop as a function of age and transmission intensity.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Host autophagy machinery is diverted to the pathogen interface to mediate focal defense responses against the Irish potato famine pathogen

    Yasin F Dagdas et al.
    Defense-related selective autophagy mediated by the antimicrobial autophagy cargo receptor NBR1/Joka2 is diverted to pathogen penetration sites to restrict plant colonization by the oomycete pathogen Phytophthora infestans.
    1. Plant Biology

    Pathogen effectors and plant immunity determine specialization of the blast fungus to rice subspecies

    Jingjing Liao et al.
    Specialized fungal pathogen populations infect rice varieties with contrasting immune systems co-cultivated in a traditional agro-system, indicating the relevance of crop diversity to restricting epidemics in the landscape.

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