863 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Balancing model-based and memory-free action selection under competitive pressure

    Atsushi Kikumoto, Ulrich Mayr
    People compete by trying to outsmart their opponents as long as they win, but show random behavior, and neural signs of suppressing knowledge about opponents’ strategies, when they lose.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure of Vps4 with circular peptides and implications for translocation of two polypeptide chains by AAA+ ATPases

    Han Han et al.
    Structural and biochemical studies indicate that AAA+ ATPase employ a general mechanism to translocate a variety of substrates, including extended polypeptides, hairpins, crosslinked chains, and chains conjugated to other molecules.
    1. Neuroscience

    Molecular and anatomical organization of the dorsal raphe nucleus

    Kee Wui Huang et al.
    The dorsal raphe nucleus contains transcriptionally diverse cell classes that include subtypes of serotonergic neurons with distinct molecular and anatomical signatures.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Signal categorization by foraging animals depends on ecological diversity

    David William Kikuchi et al.
    In richer, more even communities, foragers form broad categories among their food resources that can select for convergence among signals, including mimetic resemblances.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Lack of activity of recombinant HIF prolyl hydroxylases (PHDs) on reported non-HIF substrates

    Matthew E Cockman et al.
    Assays using recombinant HIF prolyl hydroxylases did not support hydroxylation of more than 20 reported non-HIF substrates under conditions where robust HIF hydroxylation was observed.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Absolute quantification of cohesin, CTCF and their regulators in human cells

    Johann Holzmann et al.
    Absolute quantification of cohesin, CTCF, NIPBL, WAPL and sororin in HeLa cells implies that some genomic cohesin and CTCF enrichment sites are unoccupied at any one time.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Reciprocal action of Casein Kinase Iε on core planar polarity proteins regulates clustering and asymmetric localisation

    Helen Strutt et al.
    Casein kinase Iε phosphorylation has opposite effects on the stability of the core planar polarity proteins Strabismus and Dishevelled, leading to their sorting to opposite cell ends.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    The quantity of CD40 signaling determines the differentiation of B cells into functionally distinct memory cell subsets

    Takuya Koike et al.
    Unveiling a mechanism for the fate decision of B-cell differentiation into two functionally distinct memory B cell subsets.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Genome plasticity in Candida albicans is driven by long repeat sequences

    Robert T Todd et al.
    Previously uncharacterized long repeat sequences are associated with significant genome variation that can increase fitness and promote antifungal drug resistance in diverse isolates of Candida albicans.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The ribosomal P-stalk couples amino acid starvation to GCN2 activation in mammalian cells

    Heather P Harding et al.
    Genetic lesions that compromise the ribosome P-stalk implicate direct signalling from the ribosome to the translation initiation factor eIF2 kinase GCN2 in the cellular response to amino acid starvation.

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