2,997 results found
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Complement and CD4+ T cells drive context-specific corneal sensory neuropathy

    Derek J Royer et al.
    The complement pathway can contribute to corneal sensation loss and nerve damage during ocular surface inflammation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Bordetella adenylate cyclase toxin is a unique ligand of the integrin complement receptor 3

    Radim Osicka et al.
    A toxin produced by the bacterium Bordetella pertussis preferentially binds to non-activated integrin complement receptor 3 outside of its ligand-binding I-domain and efficiently blocks downstream signaling of the integrin through elevation of cytosolic cAMP.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Two complement receptor one alleles have opposing associations with cerebral malaria and interact with α+thalassaemia

    D Herbert Opi et al.
    Analysis of a large Kenyan dataset may resolve previously conflicting studies by identifying polymorphisms which interact to modify the risk of cerebral malaria.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Competition between antagonistic complement factors for a single protein on N. meningitidis rules disease susceptibility

    Joseph JE Caesar et al.
    Genetic susceptibility to an infectious disease is linked to competition for binding a molecule on the bacterial surface by two host proteins with opposing roles in host immunity.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Neuropathy: Looking into nerve damage in the cornea

    Mihaela Gadjeva
    Interactions between T helper cells and the complement system promote loss of sensory neurons in the eye.
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    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Sodium channels implement a molecular leaky integrator that detects action potentials and regulates neuronal firing

    Marco A Navarro et al.
    Kinetic interactions between sodium channels and auxiliary factors create a molecular computational engine that can sense and regulate cellular excitability.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    ASH1-catalyzed H3K36 methylation drives gene repression and marks H3K27me2/3-competent chromatin

    Vincent T Bicocca et al.
    While SET-2 methylates histone H3K36 during transcription, ASH1 methylates this residue in repressed regions, is important for silencing, and can both positively and negatively influence methylation of histone H3K27.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Inert and seed-competent tau monomers suggest structural origins of aggregation

    Hilda Mirbaha et al.
    Tau protein exists as two conformational ensembles, one inert, and another that has intrinsic properties of self-association, triggers seeding in cells and in vitro, and is associated with Alzheimer's disease.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Coverage and system efficiencies of insecticide-treated nets in Africa from 2000 to 2017

    Samir Bhatt et al.
    Insecticide-treated net requirements for Africa have been underestimated, but mitigating for inefficiencies in net distributions can produce a cost effective path to universal coverage.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Neighbor predation linked to natural competence fosters the transfer of large genomic regions in Vibrio cholerae

    Noémie Matthey et al.
    Whole-genome sequencing reveals the remarkable extent of horizontally moving genetic material in naturally competent Vibrio cholerae after a prey-killing DNA acquisition process.

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