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1,825 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Bordetella adenylate cyclase toxin is a unique ligand of the integrin complement receptor 3

    Radim Osicka et al.
    A toxin produced by the bacterium Bordetella pertussis preferentially binds to non-activated integrin complement receptor 3 outside of its ligand-binding I-domain and efficiently blocks downstream signaling of the integrin through elevation of cytosolic cAMP.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Distinct RanBP1 nuclear export and cargo dissociation mechanisms between fungi and animals

    Yuling Li et al.
    Animal RanBP1 nuclear export and cargo dissociation mechanisms are surprisingly different from yeast, due to mutations of critical residues, leading to greater nuclear transport efficiency and higher energy cost.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Pioneer neurog1 expressing cells ingress into the otic epithelium and instruct neuronal specification

    Esteban Hoijman et al.
    Quantitative 4D image analysis identifies a group of cells which enter into the otic primordium during morphogenesis and instructs neuronal specification.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Speed and segmentation control mechanisms characterized in rhythmically-active circuits created from spinal neurons produced from genetically-tagged embryonic stem cells

    Matthew J Sternfeld et al.
    Stem cell derived ventral-spinal cord excitatory neurons self-assemble into a rhythmically bursting neural network whose speed and intercellular coordination are both instructively modulated by cell-type specific interactions with inhibitory neurons.
    1. Plant Biology

    Auxin efflux by PIN-FORMED proteins is activated by two different protein kinases, D6 PROTEIN KINASE and PINOID

    Melina Zourelidou et al.
    Two protein kinases are required to activate auxin efflux transporters from plants.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Complement opsonization of HIV affects primary infection of human colorectal mucosa and subsequent activation of T cells

    Pradyot Bhattacharya et al.
    Complement opsonized HIV exposure gives rise to a colorectal mucosal environment with an initial suppressed antiviral response and increased infection of immune cells and altered activation of T cells.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Measuring ligand-cell surface receptor affinities with axial line-scanning fluorescence correlation spectroscopy

    Antonia Franziska Eckert et al.
    A robust fluorescence microscopy-based data acquisition and analysis framework affords the precise measurement of cell surface receptor affinities toward their cognate ligands and their densities in live cells/tissues.
    1. Neuroscience

    Separable gain control of ongoing and evoked activity in the visual cortex by serotonergic input

    Zohre Azimi et al.
    Serotonergic input to visual cortex controls ongoing and evoked activity in a separable manner via distinct receptor pathways.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    CRIg, a tissue-resident macrophage specific immune checkpoint molecule, promotes immunological tolerance in NOD mice, via a dual role in effector and regulatory T cells

    Xiaomei Yuan et al.
    Tissue-resident macrophages sense environmental cues and regulate adaptive immunity via an immune checkpoint molecule CRIg.
    1. Neuroscience

    Characterization of developmental and molecular factors underlying release heterogeneity at Drosophila synapses

    Yulia Akbergenova et al.
    Active zone release probability is correlated with calcium channel density and calcium influx at single release sites, with release strength increasing in an activity-dependent manner during synapse maturation.

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