1,870 results found
    1. Cell Biology

    Conformational specificity of opioid receptors is determined by subcellular location irrespective of agonist

    Stephanie E Crilly et al.
    A GPCR activated by the same agonist engages different conformational biosensors at different subcellular locations, suggesting that location-based conformations drive spatial encoding of signaling.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Medicine

    Tetrahydroxanthohumol, a xanthohumol derivative, attenuates high-fat diet-induced hepatic steatosis by antagonizing PPARγ

    Yang Zhang et al.
    Identifying xanthohumol and its derivatives as PPARγ anatagonists provides new insight into how natural compounds beneficially treat obesity and metabolic syndrome, and provide new compounds for therapeutic development.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Dwarf open reading frame (DWORF) is a direct activator of the sarcoplasmic reticulum calcium pump SERCA

    M'Lynn E Fisher et al.
    Activation of the sarcoplasmic reticulum calcium pump and enhancement of cellular calcium homeostasis by dwarf open reading frame reveal how this small membrane protein opposes phospholamban inhibitory function in cardiac muscle.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Plant Biology

    Repression by the Arabidopsis TOPLESS corepressor requires association with the core mediator complex

    Alexander R Leydon et al.
    The TPL corepressor binds to the core mediator complex through MED21 to inhibit transcription while simultaneously priming repressed genes for rapid reactivation.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    KSR1- and ERK-dependent translational regulation of the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition

    Chaitra Rao et al.
    A key Ras-driven signaling pathway stimulates the preferential translation of an effector, EPSTI1, that is both necessary and sufficient for the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition-like phenotype in colorectal cancer cells.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Bacterial death and TRADD-N domains help define novel apoptosis and immunity mechanisms shared by prokaryotes and metazoans

    Gurmeet Kaur et al.
    Prokaryotic TRADD-N and Death-like adaptor domains in diverse predicted apoptosis and immune systems from multicellular prokaryotes and metazoans indicate the common origin of key apoptosis mechanisms required for the stabilization of multicellularity.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Novel cell types and developmental lineages revealed by single-cell RNA-seq analysis of the mouse crista ampullaris

    Brent A Wilkerson et al.
    The elucidation of the cellular composition of the crista and the genes expressed in each cell type is a critical step toward understanding inner ear development, function, and vestibulopathies.
    1. Physics of Living Systems
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Allosteric conformational ensembles have unlimited capacity for integrating information

    John W Biddle et al.
    The effective higher-order binding cooperativities arising from an ensemble of dynamically interchanging conformations are identified and shown to fully describe integration of binding information at thermodynamic equilibrium.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Medicine

    Integrative transcriptomic analysis of tissue-specific metabolic crosstalk after myocardial infarction

    Muhammad Arif et al.
    Elucidating widespread and tissue-specific biological process alterations after myocardial infaction in metabolically active tissues using systems biology approaches.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The push-to-open mechanism of the tethered mechanosensitive ion channel NompC

    Yang Wang et al.
    A pushing force on the ankyrin repeat region of NompC leads to the gating of the mechanosensitive ion channel, which may enable cells to feel compression and shrinkage.

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