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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Functional instability allows access to DNA in longer transcription Activator-Like effector (TALE) arrays

    Kathryn Geiger-Schuller et al.
    Single molecule DNA-binding trajectories and deterministic modeling analyses demonstrate a functional role for high energy partly folded states in Transcription Activator-Like Effectors that could improve future TALEN design.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Olfactory receptor neurons use gain control and complementary kinetics to encode intermittent odorant stimuli

    Srinivas Gorur-Shandilya et al.
    Olfactory receptor neurons adapt to odorant mean and variance and use complementary kinetics to preserve the timing of odorant encounters, despite adaptation slowing down transduction.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Dpp dependent Hematopoietic stem cells give rise to Hh dependent blood progenitors in larval lymph gland of Drosophila

    Nidhi Sharma Dey et al.
    Identification of Hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) in the genetically amenable organism Drosophila melanogaster paves the path to address HSC biology, both in normal and pathophysiological conditions.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    An elusive electron shuttle from a facultative anaerobe

    Emily Mevers et al.
    The identification of ACNQ as an extracellular electron shuttle solves a longstanding problem in bacterial physiology and provides new tool for bioenergy development.
    1. Neuroscience

    The CNS connectome of a tadpole larva of Ciona intestinalis (L.) highlights sidedness in the brain of a chordate sibling

    Kerrianne Ryan et al.
    Serial-section EM analysis uncovers the CNS connectome of a Ciona larva, the second of any entire nervous system, and exposes left-right asymmetries in its synaptic circuits.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    High-throughput mathematical analysis identifies Turing networks for patterning with equally diffusing signals

    Luciano Marcon et al.
    Realistic reaction-diffusion signaling networks that include cell-autonomous factors can robustly form self-organizing spatial patterns for any combination of diffusion coefficients without requiring differential diffusivity.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Systematic substrate identification indicates a central role for the metalloprotease ADAM10 in axon targeting and synapse function

    Peer-Hendrik Kuhn et al.
    The metalloprotease ADAM10 modulates axon and synapse function by cleaving numerous synaptic and axonal membrane proteins in the central nervous system.
    1. Neuroscience

    Nematophagous fungus Arthrobotrys oligospora mimics olfactory cues of sex and food to lure its nematode prey

    Yen-Ping Hsueh et al.
    Genetic and behavior analyses show that Caenorhabditis nematodes are lured to the predator Arthrobotrys oligospora by olfactory mimicry of food and sex cues.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Head-to-tail interactions of the coiled-coil domains regulate ClpB activity and cooperation with Hsp70 in protein disaggregation

    Marta Carroni et al.
    Overcoming image-processing problems in the analysis of the ClpB chaperone provides a new structural model and regulatory mechanism, based on clear density for the coiled-coil domain and supported by various biochemical data.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Medicine

    MS-275, a class 1 histone deacetylase inhibitor augments glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonism to improve glycemic control and reduce obesity in diet-induced obese mice

    Shilpak Bele et al.
    Class 1 histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor MS-275 enhances the efficacy of glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor (GLP-1R) therapy for glycemic control and reduction of obesity.