3,604 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Evolutionary expansion of apical extracellular matrix is required for the elongation of cells in a novel structure

    Sarah Jacquelyn Smith et al.
    A new morphological structure evolved through extreme changes in cell height requires novel connections to an extracellular matrix network, which predates the origin of structure.
    1. Neuroscience

    Temperature compensation in a small rhythmic circuit

    Leandro M Alonso, Eve Marder
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    ODELAM, rapid sequence-independent detection of drug resistance in isolates of Mycobacterium tuberculosis

    Thurston Herricks et al.
    Time-lapse live cell imaging of single Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacilli growing into small colonies enables their rapid phenotypic characterization including anti-microbial resistance and heteroresistance in clinical isolates.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Translational control of one-carbon metabolism underpins ribosomal protein phenotypes in cell division and longevity

    Nairita Maitra et al.
    Extensive molecular profiling shows how loss of highly similar, paralogous ribosomal proteins lead to distinct phenotypic outputs, through translational control of specific mRNAs.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Retrocopying expands the functional repertoire of APOBEC3 antiviral proteins in primates

    Lei Yang et al.
    Genomes take advantage of the gene-duplicating ability of retroelements to birth novel innate immune defense genes.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Live-cell single particle imaging reveals the role of RNA polymerase II in histone H2A.Z eviction

    Anand Ranjan et al.
    Histone variant H2A.Z is deposited near transcription start sites by the chromatin remodeler SWR1 and seems to be removed by RNA polymerase II at an early stage of transcription elongation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Conformational distributions of isolated myosin motor domains encode their mechanochemical properties

    Justin R Porter et al.
    Shifts in the balance between nucleotide-favorable and nucleotide-unfavorable conformations of myosin motors encode duty ratios and ADP release rates, demonstrating the power of an ensemble perspective for uncovering sequence-function relationships.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Point of View: Bioengineering horizon scan 2020

    Luke Kemp et al.
    20 emerging issues in bioengineering that will have profound impacts on society have been identified.
    1. Neuroscience

    Hippocampal and cortical mechanisms at retrieval explain variability in episodic remembering in older adults

    Alexandra N Trelle et al.
    The strength of pattern completion during memory retrieval, indexed by hippocampal activity and cortical reinstatement, explains within- and across-individual variability in episodic memory in older adults.

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