1,286 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    One-shot learning and behavioral eligibility traces in sequential decision making

    Marco P Lehmann et al.
    Human learning relies on short-term memories (eligibility traces) which provide a mechanism to reinforce sequences of actions from a single reward (one-shot).
    1. Neuroscience

    DeepPoseKit, a software toolkit for fast and robust animal pose estimation using deep learning

    Jacob M Graving et al.
    A new deep-learning software toolkit with general-purpose methods for quickly and reliably measuring the full body posture of animals directly from images or videos without physical markers.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The HCN domain couples voltage gating and cAMP response in hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated channels

    Alessandro Porro et al.
    Experimental and computational approaches reveal how ligand binding is coupled to voltage sensing in a HCN channels.
    1. Neuroscience

    Spatiotemporal constraints on optogenetic inactivation in cortical circuits

    Nuo Li et al.
    Electrophysiology measurements characterized eight optogenetic methods, including a new reporter mouse expressing soma-localized light-activated chloride channels, for inactivating small regions of mouse neocortex.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Initiation of chromosome replication controls both division and replication cycles in E. coli through a double-adder mechanism

    Guillaume Witz et al.
    Single-cell measurements combined with a new statistical framework for discriminating between models of cell cycle regulation show that chromosome initiation controls the E. coli cell cycle via two adder mechanisms.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Dynamic regulation of chromatin accessibility by pluripotency transcription factors across the cell cycle

    Elias T Friman et al.
    OCT4 and SOX2 display partially independent activity to regulate chromatin accessibility, and highly dynamic activity of OCT4 is required throughout the cell cycle to maintain pluripotency enhancer accessibility.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural representation of newly instructed rule identities during early implementation trials

    Hannes Ruge et al.
    Ventro-lateral prefrontal cortex codes novel rules starting from their first-time implementation right after instruction while early consolidation is channeled through increasing cooperation with the anterior striatum.
    1. Neuroscience

    Asymmetric ON-OFF processing of visual motion cancels variability induced by the structure of natural scenes

    Juyue Chen et al.
    The fruit fly estimates visual motion by incorporating ON-OFF asymmetric processing that only improves performance when stimuli have light-dark asymmetries matched to natural scenes.

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