945 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Cascade of neural processing orchestrates cognitive control in human frontal cortex

    Hanlin Tang et al.
    A dynamic and hierarchical sequence of steps in human frontal cortex orchestrates cognitive control.
    1. Neuroscience

    Offline replay supports planning in human reinforcement learning

    Ida Momennejad et al.
    fMRI evidence for off-task replay predicts subsequent replanning behavior in humans, suggesting that learning from simulated experience during replay helps update past policies in reinforcement learning.
    1. Neuroscience

    Decision Making: Changing our minds about changes of mind

    Stephen M. Fleming
    Insight
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    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Neural population dynamics in human motor cortex during movements in people with ALS

    Chethan Pandarinath et al.
    Neural ensemble activity in the human motor cortex contains dynamical structure that is independent of movement parameters and is not well-explained by current models.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Biologically plausible learning in recurrent neural networks reproduces neural dynamics observed during cognitive tasks

    Thomas Miconi
    A biologically plausible learning rule allows recurrent neural networks to learn nontrivial tasks, using only sparse, delayed rewards, and the neural dynamics of trained networks exhibit complex dynamics observed in animal frontal cortices.
    1. Neuroscience

    Complementary control of sensory adaptation by two types of cortical interneurons

    Ryan G Natan et al.
    Two distinct types of inhibitory neurons increase the brain's sensitivity to unexpected acoustic signals by amplifying selective suppression of cortical responses to frequent, but not rare sounds.
    1. Neuroscience

    Learning place cells, grid cells and invariances with excitatory and inhibitory plasticity

    Simon Nikolaus Weber, Henning Sprekeler
    A large variety of spatial representations implied in rodent navigation could arise robustly and rapidly from inputs with a weak spatial structure, by an interaction of excitatory and inhibitory synaptic plasticity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sensitivity to image recurrence across eye-movement-like image transitions through local serial inhibition in the retina

    Vidhyasankar Krishnamoorthy et al.
    The encoding of visual images by certain retinal ganglion cells is fundamentally altered in the context of eye-movement-like image transitions; the transitions trigger inhibitory interactions, which make these cells particularly sensitive to recurring images.
    1. Neuroscience

    Computational models of O-LM cells are recruited by low or high theta frequency inputs depending on h-channel distributions

    Vladislav Sekulić, Frances K Skinner
    The contribution of biophysical ion channels to neuron function can be predicted by taking advantage of an ongoing dialogue between model and experiment.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Neural oscillations as a signature of efficient coding in the presence of synaptic delays

    Matthew Chalk et al.
    Neural oscillations are a necessary consequence of efficient coding of sensory signals by a spiking neural network, limited by synaptic delays and noise.

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