377 results found
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Aurora-A mediated histone H3 phosphorylation of threonine 118 controls condensin I and cohesin occupancy in mitosis

    Candice L Wike et al.
    A histone modification that alters the nucleosome structure occurs in mitosis and promotes chromosome packaging and the timely removal of condensin I and cohesion, to achieve chromosome segregation.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Condensin controls cellular RNA levels through the accurate segregation of chromosomes instead of directly regulating transcription

    Clémence Hocquet et al.
    Contrary to the generally accepted model, condensin maintains proper gene expression by promoting the accurate segregation of chromosomes and the partitioning of the RNA-exosome throughout mitosis, instead of directly regulating transcription.
    1. Cell Biology

    Metaphase chromosome structure is dynamically maintained by condensin I-directed DNA (de)catenation

    Ewa Piskadlo et al.
    Condensin I maintains chromosome organization throughout metaphase by preventing erroneous topoisomerase II-dependent sister chromatid re-entanglements.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    SMC condensin entraps chromosomal DNA by an ATP hydrolysis dependent loading mechanism in Bacillus subtilis

    Larissa Wilhelm et al.
    The Smc–ScpAB complex-a prokaryotic ancestor of cohesin, condensin and Smc5/6-loads onto the bacterial chromosome by employing ATP hydrolysis to capture DNA fibers within its tripartite ring.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Shugoshin biases chromosomes for biorientation through condensin recruitment to the pericentromere

    Kitty F Verzijlbergen et al.
    Shugoshin proteins help to align chromosomes so that copies of the same chromosome attach to microtubules from opposite poles during cell division.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The structural basis for dynamic DNA binding and bridging interactions which condense the bacterial centromere

    Gemma LM Fisher et al.
    A combination of structural, biochemical, single-molecule and in vivo methods are used to show how ParB locally condenses the bacterial chromosome near the origin and earmarks this region for segregation.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Condensin controls recruitment of RNA polymerase II to achieve nematode X-chromosome dosage compensation

    William S Kruesi et al.
    C. elegans equalizes the expression of X-chromosome genes between the sexes by reducing the recruitment of RNA polymerase II to promoters of X-linked genes in hermaphrodites, using a chromosome-restructuring complex called condensin.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Cooperation between a hierarchical set of recruitment sites targets the X chromosome for dosage compensation

    Sarah Elizabeth Albritton et al.
    Gene regulatory elements can target a chromatin regulatory complex to a single chromosome in the genome through hierarchical specification and long distance cooperation.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    A simple biophysical model emulates budding yeast chromosome condensation

    Tammy MK Cheng et al.
    A computational model of a yeast chromosome, based on first principles, recapitulates in vivo chromosome behavior, and thus provides unprecedented insight into what the inside of a chromosome is likely to look like.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Establishment and maintenance of heritable chromatin structure during early Drosophila embryogenesis

    Shelby A Blythe, Eric F Wieschaus
    The patterns of chromatin architecture that underlie the initial embryonic cell fate decisions are established during a period of intense cell cycle activity, and these patterns are stably maintained even in highly condensed mitotic chromatin.

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