6,085 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Estrogenic-dependent glutamatergic neurotransmission from kisspeptin neurons governs feeding circuits in females

    Jian Qiu et al.
    Estrogen increases hypothalamic arcuate kisspeptin neuronal excitability and glutamate release to coordinate autonomic functions for maximizing reproductive success.
    1. Neuroscience

    Repeated social defeat stress enhances glutamatergic synaptic plasticity in the VTA and cocaine place conditioning

    Claire E Stelly et al.
    Enhanced glutamatergic synaptic plasticity in mesolimbic dopaminergic neurons may contribute to repeatedly stressed rats becoming more vulnerable to addiction.
    1. Neuroscience

    Impairment of cocaine-mediated behaviours in mice by clinically relevant Ras-ERK inhibitors

    Alessandro Papale et al.
    Two cell-penetrating peptides that inhibit Ras-ERK signalling and a potent clinically relevant MEK inhibitor block cocaine conditioned place preference and accelerate extinction of cocaine self-administration upon a single administration in mice.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Pyphe, a python toolbox for assessing microbial growth and cell viability in high-throughput colony screens

    Stephan Kamrad et al.
    An open-source python package for phenotype analyses provides a versatile, modular and user-friendly solution to determine complementary fitness-related traits from large-scale assays of microbial colonies.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Nanoscale organization of rotavirus replication machineries

    Yasel Garcés Suárez et al.
    Super-resolution microscopy reveals, at nanometric-scale, the highly organized protein structure of viroplasms, the viral factories used by rotavirus to replicate its genome and assemble new viral particles.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    A quantitative modelling approach to zebrafish pigment pattern formation

    Jennifer P Owen et al.
    A mathematical modelling approach to understanding zebrafish stripe pattern formation exemplifies a biological rule-set sufficient to generate wild-type and a diverse range of mutant patterns.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Controlling opioid receptor functional selectivity by targeting distinct subpockets of the orthosteric site

    Rajendra Uprety et al.
    The structure-based design established a new approach to control pathway-selective activation of opioid receptors, resulting in new dual MOR/KOR G-protein biased agonist analgesics with attenuated liabilities.
    1. Neuroscience

    Foggy perception slows us down

    Paolo Pretto et al.
    Virtual reality experiments show that motorists slow down when driving in fog, but they speed up when visibility is reduced equally at all distances.
    1. Neuroscience

    Curvature domains in V4 of macaque monkey

    Jia Ming Hu et al.
    There is a systematic functional organization for curvature representation in area V4 where specific curvatures are encoded by unique values (modules) from the set of systematically represented values.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Ancient DNA reveals the lost domestication history of South American camelids in Northern Chile and across the Andes

    Paloma Diaz-Maroto et al.
    aDNA revealed a model of domestication where an ancient guanaco population no longer exists, the loss of the ancient vicuña genetic variation in the modern populations, and frequently interbreeding practices.

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