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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Regulating G protein-coupled receptors by topological inversion

    Bray Denard et al.
    Multiple biochemical assays show that the topology of CCR5 and possibly other GPCRs may be inverted by ceramide or other sphingolipids through the process of regulated alternative translocation.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Host autophagy machinery is diverted to the pathogen interface to mediate focal defense responses against the Irish potato famine pathogen

    Yasin F Dagdas et al.
    Defense-related selective autophagy mediated by the antimicrobial autophagy cargo receptor NBR1/Joka2 is diverted to pathogen penetration sites to restrict plant colonization by the oomycete pathogen Phytophthora infestans.
    1. Neuroscience

    Occurrence of long-term depression in the cerebellar flocculus during adaptation of optokinetic response

    Takuma Inoshita, Tomoo Hirano
    Motor training decreased the unit synaptic response and suppressed induction of long-term depression at parallel fiber to Purkinje cell synapses in the cerebellum, supporting involvement of long-term depression in motor learning.
    1. Neuroscience

    Synapse-specific opioid modulation of thalamo-cortico-striatal circuits

    William T Birdsong et al.
    By differentially modulating the two major excitatory inputs to the striatum, mu- and delta-opioid receptors regulate the balance between thalamic and cortical inputs to the striatum.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Ovaries absent links dLsd1 to HP1a for local H3K4 demethylation required for heterochromatic gene silencing

    Fu Yang et al.
    A Drosophila fertility gene is identified that acts as a linker between HP1a and local H3K4 demethylation during HP1a-mediated gene silencing that is required for ovary development and transposon silencing..
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Translesion polymerase kappa-dependent DNA synthesis underlies replication fork recovery

    Peter Tonzi et al.
    Translesion polymerase kappa promotes replication fork restart to maintain genome stability during conditions of nucleotide deprivation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Acute perturbation of Pet1-neuron activity in neonatal mice impairs cardiorespiratory homeostatic recovery

    Ryan T Dosumu-Johnson et al.
    Pet1 neurons actively maintain cardiorespiratory tone and dynamic range in mouse neonates and critically support the recovery response to apneas, informing brain findings in the sudden infant death syndrome.
    1. Neuroscience

    Multiple mechanisms link prestimulus neural oscillations to sensory responses

    Luca Iemi et al.
    Neural oscillations prior to a stimulus modulate the strength of early and late responses in opposite directions via distinct mechanisms.
    1. Cell Biology

    Metformin extends C. elegans lifespan through lysosomal pathway

    Jie Chen et al.
    Metformin extends C. elegans lifespan through lysosome-dependent coordination of TORC1 and AMPK pathways.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    E3 ubiquitin ligase Bre1 couples sister chromatid cohesion establishment to DNA replication in Saccharomyces cerevisiae

    Wei Zhang et al.
    E3 ubiquitin ligase Bre1-induced H2B monoubiquitination is epigenetically important for recruiting replication factor Mcm10 and cohesion establishment factors Ctf4, Ctf18 and Eco1 to early replication origins to establish sister chromatid cohesion.