620 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    The cerebellum is involved in processing of predictions and prediction errors in a fear conditioning paradigm

    Thomas Michael Ernst et al.
    Pronounced cerebellar activation during unexpected omission of a potentially harmful event suggests that the cerebellum has to be added to the neural network processing prediction errors underlying emotional associative learning.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dynamic modulation of activity in cerebellar nuclei neurons during pavlovian eyeblink conditioning in mice

    Michiel M ten Brinke et al.
    Conditioned olivocerebellar network activity elicits transient spike pauses and timed spike facilitation in the neurons of interposed nuclei that predicts and likely causes conditioned eyelid responses on a trial-by-trial basis.
    1. Neuroscience

    Distinct neuronal populations contribute to trace conditioning and extinction learning in the hippocampal CA1

    Rebecca A Mount et al.
    Large-scale imaging analysis of CA1 reveals that distinct neural networks are involved in trace conditioning versus extinction learning, shedding light on how the hippocampus encodes different types of memory.
    1. Neuroscience

    Differential conditioning produces merged long-term memory in Drosophila

    Bohan Zhao et al.
    Although flies cannot discriminate shock-paired and -unpaired odor 24 hr after single-trial aversive conditioning, they choose to avoid both of them, which is derived from a merged long-term memory.
    1. Neuroscience

    Conditioning sharpens the spatial representation of rewarded stimuli in mouse primary visual cortex

    Pieter M Goltstein et al.
    Stimulus-reward learning sharpens the local representation of the visual space while leaving the overall retinotopic map intact.
    1. Neuroscience

    Shifting from fear to safety through deconditioning-update

    Bruno Popik et al.
    Deconditioning is a safe and efficient new approach to updating traumatic memories, in which fear memory is rewritten to a very low level in a long-lasting way.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sexually divergent expression of active and passive conditioned fear responses in rats

    Tina M Gruene et al.
    Female, but not male rats exhibit an active conditioned fear response, which challenges traditional approaches to measuring fear learning exclusively through freezing, and suggests that females use a more diverse set of threat strategies.
    1. Neuroscience

    Navigating the garden of forking paths for data exclusions in fear conditioning research

    Tina B Lonsdorf et al.
    Exclusion of participants in tasks with a learning element can introduce substantial bias and needs to be carefully considered and transparently reported and justified.
    1. Neuroscience

    Co-targeting myelin inhibitors and CSPGs markedly enhances regeneration of GDNF-stimulated, but not conditioning-lesioned, sensory axons into the spinal cord

    Jinbin Zhai et al.
    Myelin-associated inhibitors and chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans are not the primary mechanism stopping sensory axons regenerating into the spinal cord, although their removal can markedly enhance regeneration when combined with an intervention that elevates axon growth capacity sufficiently robustly.
    1. Neuroscience

    Classical conditioning drives learned reward prediction signals in climbing fibers across the lateral cerebellum

    William Heffley, Court Hull
    Cerebellar climbing fibers can generate learned reward-predictive instructional signals, suggesting a role for cerebellar learning in the reinforcement of reward-driven behaviors.

Refine your results by:

Type
Research categories