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6,976 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Human foveal cone photoreceptor topography and its dependence on eye length

    Yiyi Wang et al.
    Despite evidence of retinal stretching with eye growth, cone photoreceptor sampling density in the foveal center of humans actually increases with eye length.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Fish-hunting cone snail venoms are a rich source of minimized ligands of the vertebrate insulin receptor

    Peter Ahorukomeye et al.
    The unique modus operandi of cone snail venom insulins provides new insight into insulin receptor activation and informs on the design of insulin analogs for the treatment of diabetes.
    1. Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    AAV-Txnip prolongs cone survival and vision in mouse models of retinitis pigmentosa

    Yunlu Xue et al.
    AAV-Txnip prolongs vision in mouse models of blindness, enhancing lactate catabolism, mitochondrial health, and ATP production in a condition that likely has a limited glucose supply.
    1. Neuroscience

    S-cone photoreceptors in the primate retina are functionally distinct from L and M cones

    Jacob Baudin et al.
    Heterogeneity in perceptual sensitivity of human cone-mediated vision across wavelength originates in the cone photoreceptors, where S cones exhibit distinct functional properties in comparison to L and M cones.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The formation of the light-sensing compartment of cone photoreceptors coincides with a transcriptional switch

    Janine M Daum et al.
    Correlating changes in structure and gene expression in cone photoreceptors of mice daily, between birth and eye opening, created a resource that supports research in photoreceptor function, development, transplantation and repair.
    1. Neuroscience

    Filopodial dynamics and growth cone stabilization in Drosophila visual circuit development

    Mehmet Neset Özel et al.
    Long-term live imaging in intact developing Drosophila brains reveals a role for N-Cadherin-mediated fast filopodial dynamics and growth cone stabilization during neural circuit assembly.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Epigenomic landscapes of retinal rods and cones

    Alisa Mo et al.
    Genome-wide analysis of DNA methylation and accessible chromatin shows that retinal rods and cones have distinct epigenomic features that reflect differences in their development and function.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Streptomyces exploration is triggered by fungal interactions and volatile signals

    Stephanie E Jones et al.
    Exploratory growth is a newly discovered mode of Streptomyces growth that it is stimulated by fungi, is pH responsive, and can be communicated to other – physically separated – streptomycetes through airborne compounds.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Structural and functional characterization of G protein–coupled receptors with deep mutational scanning

    Eric M Jones et al.
    Linking deep mutational scanning with engineered transcriptional reporters in human cell lines establishes a generalizable method for exploring pharmacogenomics, structure, and function across broad classes of drug receptors.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Predominance of cis-regulatory changes in parallel expression divergence of sticklebacks

    Jukka-Pekka Verta, Felicity C Jones
    Cis-regulation such as enhancers and promoters plays a major role in parallel gene expression divergence and has features that make it a well-poised substrate for adaptive evolution.

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