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    1. Neuroscience

    The Na+/Ca2+, K+ exchanger NCKX4 is required for efficient cone-mediated vision

    Frans Vinberg et al.
    Molecular, genetic, and functional analysis is used to show that the olfactory Na+/Ca2+, K+ exchanger NCKX4 is expressed in cone photoreceptors and is critical for the wide operating range and high temporal resolution of cone-mediated vision.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Programmed conversion of hypertrophic chondrocytes into osteoblasts and marrow adipocytes within zebrafish bones

    Dion Giovannone et al.
    Cartilage cells transition through a proliferative intermediate to give rise to bone and marrow fat cells in long bones.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Subretinal mononuclear phagocytes induce cone segment loss via IL-1β

    Chiara M Eandi et al.
    IL-1β release from macrophages might be responsible for the unexplained cone segment loss in retinal degenerative diseases that are associated with subretinal inflammation, such as retinitis pigmentosa or geographic atrophy.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Frazzled promotes growth cone attachment at the source of a Netrin gradient in the Drosophila visual system

    Orkun Akin, S Lawrence Zipursky
    Direct observation in the developing fly brain indicates that the response of a growth cone in a gradient of a guidance cue is adhesion to the source of the cue rather than attraction by the gradient.
    1. Neuroscience

    A simple retinal mechanism contributes to perceptual interactions between rod- and cone-mediated responses in primates

    William N Grimes et al.
    A combination of physiological and perceptual experiments show that the responses of rod photoreceptors inhibit those of cones more than vice versa, and reveal both the site of the retinal interaction and the underlying mechanism.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Epigenomic landscapes of retinal rods and cones

    Alisa Mo et al.
    Genome-wide analysis of DNA methylation and accessible chromatin shows that retinal rods and cones have distinct epigenomic features that reflect differences in their development and function.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Mapping nonlinear receptive field structure in primate retina at single cone resolution

    Jeremy Freeman et al.
    Multi-electrode recordings and modeling are combined to reveal the transformations of signals from cones to bipolar cells and then to ganglion cells within the primate retina.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Organisms with alternative genetic codes resolve unassigned codons via mistranslation and ribosomal rescue

    Natalie Jing Ma et al.
    Cells resolve unassigned codons with near-cognate suppression, frameshifting, and ribosomal rescue mechanisms, demonstrating that unassigned codons are permissible in both natural and engineered genetic codes as barriers to horizontal gene transfer.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Insulin Receptor Binding: From venom peptides to a potential diabetes treatment

    Jiří Jiráček, Lenka Žáková
    Cone snails have evolved a variety of insulin-like molecules that may help with the development of better treatments for diabetes.
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    1. Cell Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Abscisic acid dynamics in roots detected with genetically encoded FRET sensors

    Alexander M Jones et al.
    Fluorescent sensors for the hormone abscisic acid have been developed using a high-throughput platform, and used to monitor hormone dynamics in plant roots and leaves.