739 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Non-selective inhibition of inappropriate motor-tendencies during response-conflict by a fronto-subthalamic mechanism

    Jan R Wessel et al.
    Action-selection under response-conflict is buttressed by an inhibitory control signal from the basal ganglia that non-selectively suppresses motor excitability.
    1. Neuroscience

    A neurobiological association of revenge propensity during intergroup conflict

    Xiaochun Han et al.
    Intergroup conflict increases human endogenous oxytocin, which predicts the medial prefrontal activity associated with ingroup pain and propensity to seek revenge upon the outgroup.
    1. Neuroscience

    Oxytocin promotes coordinated out-group attack during intergroup conflict in humans

    Hejing Zhang et al.
    Humans intranasally administered the neuropeptide oxytocin waste less and earn more spoils during intergroup conflict because oxytocin enables group members to better coordinate strategic attacking of out-groups.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Generation of shape complexity through tissue conflict resolution

    Alexandra B Rebocho et al.
    Genetic modulation in patterns of tissue conflict play a major role in the development and evolution of shape diversity.
    1. Neuroscience

    A causal role for right temporo-parietal junction in signaling moral conflict

    Ignacio Obeso et al.
    Disrupting the right temporo-parietal junction did not change the general motivation to give or adapt behavior to social reputation cues, but specifically reduced the impact of moral-material conflict.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Highly regulated, diversifying NTP-dependent biological conflict systems with implications for the emergence of multicellularity

    Gurmeet Kaur et al.
    Multicellular and socially aggregating prokaryotes contain previously undescribed, chaperone-based systems predicted to mediate defensive biological conflicts, several components of which are thematically similar antecedents of eukaryotic apoptosis pathways.
    1. Cell Biology

    Transcription leads to pervasive replisome instability in bacteria

    Sarah M Mangiameli et al.
    Replication-transcription conflicts cause pervasive replisome instability.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Seminal fluid compromises visual perception in honeybee queens reducing their survival during additional mating flights

    Joanito Liberti et al.
    After insemination, honeybee queens experience a rapid reduction in vision and flight performance, consistent with an ongoing sexual conflict over the number of mating flights that queens embark on.
    1. Ecology

    Parental effects alter the adaptive value of an adult behavioural trait

    Rebecca M Kilner et al.
    The adaptive value of social behaviour exhibited in adult life varies with conditions experienced in early life, and poorer conditions may promote conflict over cooperation.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structures of diverse poxin cGAMP nucleases reveal a widespread role for cGAS-STING evasion in host–pathogen conflict

    James B Eaglesham et al.
    Poxin enzymes are a diverse family of insect and viral 2′3′-cGAMP nucleases, which evolved from self-cleaving RNA virus accessory proteases.

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