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    1. Ecology

    Substantial near-infrared radiation-driven photosynthesis of chlorophyll f-containing cyanobacteria in a natural habitat

    Michael Kühl et al.
    Cyanobacteria with chlorophyll f show substantial near-infrared radiation-driven photosynthesis and can play an important role for primary production in endolithic, intertidal habitats.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Identification of polarized macrophage subsets in zebrafish

    Mai Nguyen-Chi et al.
    The discovery of evolutionarily conserved macrophage subsets in zebrafish paves the way for a comprehensive study of macrophage behaviour and function.
    1. Cell Biology

    Structure of cellular ESCRT-III spirals and their relationship to HIV budding

    Anil G Cashikar et al.
    Electron microscopy on native membranes reveals the shape and potential function of protein machinery responsible for budding vesicles and viruses away from the cytoplasm.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Determining composition of micron-scale protein deposits in neurodegenerative disease by spatially targeted optical microproteomics

    Kevin C Hadley et al.
    STOMP is a technique that can determine the proteomic composition of any feature that is identifiable by laser scanning microscopy and is at least one cubic micron in size.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Opto-magnetic capture of individual cells based on visual phenotypes

    Loïc Binan et al.
    Single cells from a large heterogeneous population can be identified, isolated and clonally expanded using commonly available microscopy equipment and simple reagents, based solely on visual characteristics.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    3DeeCellTracker, a deep learning-based pipeline for segmenting and tracking cells in 3D time lapse images

    Chentao Wen et al.
    A deep learning-based pipeline was developed for extracting cellular signals flexibly from moving cells in 3D time lapse images, and it outperformed previous methods under different imaging conditions.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Live-cell imaging reveals enhancer-dependent Sox2 transcription in the absence of enhancer proximity

    Jeffrey M Alexander et al.
    Sox2 transcription is not correlated with spatial proximity of its essential regulatory enhancer in embryonic stem cells, suggesting gene transcription is not limited to periods of direct enhancer-promoter contact.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    In vivo imaging of retrovirus infection reveals a role for Siglec-1/CD169 in multiple routes of transmission

    Kelsey A Haugh et al.
    Retroviruses exploit the lectin, Siglec-1/CD169, expressed on sentinel macrophages to promote infection during multiple routes of transmission.
    1. Neuroscience

    Circuit and synaptic organization of forebrain-to-midbrain pathways that promote and suppress vocalization

    Valerie Michael et al.
    Inhibitory neurons in the hypothalamus and amygdala push and pull on the midbrain vocal gating circuit to trigger and suppress ultrasonic vocalization (USV) production in the mouse.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Robo recruitment of the Wave regulatory complex plays an essential and conserved role in midline repulsion

    Karina Chaudhari et al.
    Axon repulsion in response to the midline repellent slit depends on an evolutionary conserved interaction between the Roundabout receptor and the wave regulatory complex.