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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Synthetic single domain antibodies for the conformational trapping of membrane proteins

    Iwan Zimmermann et al.
    Synthetic single domain antibody libraries and a binder selection cascade encompassing ribosome and phage display enable the selection of conformation-specific binders against previously intractable membrane proteins within three weeks.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Periprotein lipidomes of Saccharomyces cerevisiae provide a flexible environment for conformational changes of membrane proteins

    Joury S van 't Klooster et al.
    Analysis of periprotein lipids by direct extraction of membrane proteins, using styrene-maleic acid polymers.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    Conformational change of Dishevelled plays a key regulatory role in the Wnt signaling pathways

    Ho-Jin Lee et al.
    The ligand-binding pocket of the Dishevelled PDZ domain can be occupied by Dishevelled's own highly conserved C-terminus, inducing a closed conformation that is ‘opened’ when Wnt signaling stimulates interaction between Frizzled and Dishevelled.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Mechanism of environmentally driven conformational changes that modulate H-NS DNA-bridging activity

    Ramon A van der Valk et al.
    The DNA-bridging efficiency of H-NS, a genome organising and transcription regulatory protein, is modulated by changes in environmental conditions of the cell, which drive a structural rearrangement of the protein.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Revealing an outward-facing open conformational state in a CLC Cl/H+ exchange transporter

    Chandra M Khantwal et al.
    The characterization of a previously unidentified “outward-facing open” conformational state provides a new framework for understanding the CLC transport mechanism.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cryo-EM structures of S-OPA1 reveal its interactions with membrane and changes upon nucleotide binding

    Danyang Zhang et al.
    GTP binding induces rearrangement of S-OPA1 assembly on membrane and thus triggers membrane remodeling with reduced curvature.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Intraflagellar Transport: Moving proteins along in the cilium

    Narcis Adrian Petriman, Esben Lorentzen
    The structures of the bovine and human BBSome reveal that a conformational change is required to recruit the complex to the ciliary membrane.
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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A putative ATPase mediates RNA transcription and capping in a dsRNA virus

    Xuekui Yu et al.
    Atomic structures suggest a novel mechanism for the regulation of mRNA transcription and capping in dsRNA viruses.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    pH- and sodium-induced changes in a sodium/proton antiporter

    Cristina Paulino, Werner Kühlbrandt
    Sodium ions but not protons induce defined helix movements in a sodium/proton antiporter and suggest a mechanism for Na + binding and transport.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Molecular mechanism of thermosensory function of human heat shock transcription factor Hsf1

    Nikolai Hentze et al.
    Heat-induced local unfolding allows Hsf1 to form trimers and bind to DNA, which depends on Hsf1 concentration and is promoted, not inhibited, by Hsp90.