1,130 results found
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Conserved conformational selection mechanism of Hsp70 chaperone-substrate interactions

    Ashok Sekhar et al.
    NMR-based flux measurements show that both bacterial and human Hsp70 chaperones interact with helical, as well as sheet substrates predominantly through a conformational selection mechanism.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Molecular Chaperones: Confirmation for conformational selection

    Yajun Jiang, Charalampos G Kalodimos
    NMR studies settle part of a long-standing debate about the mechanism used by the Hsp70 chaperone to recognize substrates.
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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Synthetic single domain antibodies for the conformational trapping of membrane proteins

    Iwan Zimmermann et al.
    Synthetic single domain antibody libraries and a binder selection cascade encompassing ribosome and phage display enable the selection of conformation-specific binders against previously intractable membrane proteins within three weeks.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    pH- and sodium-induced changes in a sodium/proton antiporter

    Cristina Paulino, Werner Kühlbrandt
    Sodium ions but not protons induce defined helix movements in a sodium/proton antiporter and suggest a mechanism for Na + binding and transport.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    A tethered delivery mechanism explains the catalytic action of a microtubule polymerase

    Pelin Ayaz et al.
    Using linked TOG domains that each bind a curved conformation of αβ-tubulin, a microtubule polymerase catalyzes fast elongation by concentrating αβ-tubulin near the polymer end.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure of a type IV pilus machinery in the open and closed state

    Vicki AM Gold et al.
    Electron cryo-tomography reveals a huge conformational change in the secretin domain of the type IV pilus machinery that occurs when the channel opens for pilus extrusion.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    CryoEM and computer simulations reveal a novel kinase conformational switch in bacterial chemotaxis signaling

    C Keith Cassidy et al.
    An atomic model of the bacterial chemosensory array obtained through the synthesis of cryo-electron tomography and large-scale molecular-dynamics simulations reveals a new kinase conformation during signaling events.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Fidaxomicin jams Mycobacterium tuberculosis RNA polymerase motions needed for initiation via RbpA contacts

    Hande Boyaci et al.
    Cryo-electron microscopy structures show how the clinically used antimicrobial fidaxomicin binds and inhibits Mycobacterium tuberculosis RNA polymerase by acting like a doorstop to jam the enzyme in an open conformation via the general transcription factor RbpA.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Stepwise visualization of membrane pore formation by suilysin, a bacterial cholesterol-dependent cytolysin

    Carl Leung et al.
    Electron and atomic force microscopy show how bacterial toxins bind to a host membrane and assemble into arcs and rings, before undergoing a dramatic, concerted conformational change to insert into the membrane.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Interface between 40S exit channel protein uS7/Rps5 and eIF2α modulates start codon recognition in vivo

    Jyothsna Visweswaraiah, Alan G Hinnebusch
    The small subunit ribosomal protein uS7/Rps5 interacts with translation initiation factor eIF2α to stabilize first the open, and then the closed conformation of the pre-initiation complex to promote accurate start codon selection in vivo.

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