1,378 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Mechanism of cargo-directed Atg8 conjugation during selective autophagy

    Dorotea Fracchiolla et al.
    Autophagic cargo receptors recruit the E3-like enzyme for Atg8 lipid conjugation to the cargo and thereby promote local formation of Atg8-positive autophagosomal membranes.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    An analog to digital converter controls bistable transfer competence development of a widespread bacterial integrative and conjugative element

    Nicolas Carraro et al.
    A new multistep hierarchical cascade controls activation of an integrative and conjugative element in a small subpopulation of cells in its bacterial host, yielding proficient DNA transferring cells.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Group II intron inhibits conjugative relaxase expression in bacteria by mRNA targeting

    Guosheng Qu et al.
    Group II introns can target mRNA, causing inhibition of gene expression, as a potential driver for evolution to the spliceosome.
    1. Neuroscience

    Analysis of SUMO1-conjugation at synapses

    James A Daniel et al.
    Analyses using His6-HA-SUMO1 and SUMO1 KO mice indicate that SUMO1 modification of synaptic proteins is either absent or cannot be detected in brain and cultured neurons.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Developmental Biology

    The E2 Marie Kondo and the CTLH E3 ligase clear deposited RNA binding proteins during the maternal-to-zygotic transition

    Michael Zavortink et al.
    In fruit flies, maternally deposited RNA-binding proteins are removed during the maternal-to-zygotic transition via a mechanism of translational upregulation of Kondo, the key E2 enzyme, at egg activation.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Transcription termination and antitermination of bacterial CRISPR arrays

    Anne M Stringer et al.
    Many bacteria use the Nus factor antitermination complex to prevent premature Rho-dependent transcription termination of their CRISPR arrays.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Medicine

    Conjunction of factors triggering waves of seasonal influenza

    Ishanu Chattopadhyay et al.
    Three complementary computational approaches reveal a set of putative causes of initiation of pan-USA waves of influenza.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Elucidation of the anti-autophagy mechanism of the Legionella effector RavZ using semisynthetic LC3 proteins

    Aimin Yang et al.
    Legionella effector RavZ evades host autophagy by extracting LC3-PE from the membrane before deconjugation.
    1. Cell Biology

    Negative regulation of autophagy by UBA6-BIRC6–mediated ubiquitination of LC3

    Rui Jia, Juan S Bonifacino
    An ensemble of the ubiquitin-activating enzyme UBA6 and ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme/ubiquitin-ligase BIRC6 mediates ubiquitination of LC3, targeting the latter for proteasomal degradation and thus attenuating autophagic degradation of cellular substrates.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cancer Biology

    UBE2G1 governs the destruction of cereblon neomorphic substrates

    Gang Lu et al.
    Cereblon-based small-molecule degraders rely on the sequential action of ubiquitin-conjugating enzymes UBE2G1 and UBE2D3 to assemble K48-linked polyubiquitin chains on cereblon neomorphic substrates, resulting in their proteasomal degradation.

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