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Page 2 of 354
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    A novel DNA primase-helicase pair encoded by SCCmec elements

    Aleksandra Bebel et al.
    SCCmec genomic islands encode a novel primase-helicase pair in which priming ability is conferred upon an A-family DNA polymerase domain by a novel protein cofactor.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Light-regulated allosteric switch enables temporal and subcellular control of enzyme activity

    Mark Shaaya et al.
    Light-sensitive allosteric switch module, a broadly applicable protein engineering method, is used for the regulation of protein activity with tight temporal control and spatial precision.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cerebellar patients have intact feedback control that can be leveraged to improve reaching

    Amanda M Zimmet et al.
    A control system model of cerebellar patients' movements provides insight into the cerebellum's role in reaching and informs a virtual reality intervention to improve patient reaches.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural insights into mRNA reading frame regulation by tRNA modification and slippery codon–anticodon pairing

    Eric D Hoffer et al.
    Chemical modifications near the tRNA anticodon and specific mRNA–tRNA pairs combine to control the ribosomal three-nucleotide mRNA reading frame, essential for the sequential addition of amino acids into polypeptide chains.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Developmental, cellular, and behavioral phenotypes in a mouse model of congenital hypoplasia of the dentate gyrus

    Amir Rattner et al.
    A mouse mutant in which nearly all dentate gyrus granule cells fail to develop provides a new window on the role of the dentate gyrus in spatial learning and memory.
    1. Neuroscience

    Optogenetic inhibition-mediated activity-dependent modification of CA1 pyramidal-interneuron connections during behavior

    Igor Gridchyn et al.
    The optogenetic manipulation of hippocampal neuronal circuit activity revealed plastic changes of pyramidal-interneuron connections in behaving animals, which were primarily governed by the firing rate change of postsynaptic interneurons.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Neuronal octopamine signaling regulates mating-induced germline stem cell increase in female Drosophila melanogaster

    Yuto Yoshinari et al.
    Genetic analyses using the fruit fly illustrate how neuronal system couples germline stem cell increase to an external cue, which is mating, through stem cell niche signaling.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    A feedback loop governs the relationship between lipid metabolism and longevity

    Nicole K Littlejohn et al.
    The dual control of adiposity and longevity emerges from a latent intestinal feedback loop which simultaneously augments fat loss and shields lifespan from the deleterious effects of continuous fat oxidation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cannabinoids modulate associative cerebellar learning via alterations in behavioral state

    Catarina Albergaria et al.
    Cannabinoid receptors modulate cerebellar learning, not through direct effects on synaptic plasticity, but as a secondary consequence of their modulation of behavioral state.
    1. Neuroscience

    Optical control of ERK and AKT signaling promotes axon regeneration and functional recovery of PNS and CNS in Drosophila

    Qin Wang et al.
    Precise spatiotemporal optogenetic activation of ERK and AKT signaling pathways reveals neural repair mechanisms of the peripheral and central nervous systems in live Drosophila larvae.