7,694 results found
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    High infectiousness immediately before COVID-19 symptom onset highlights the importance of continued contact tracing

    William S Hart et al.
    Fitting a mechanistic model to data from SARS-CoV-2 source-recipient pairs generates improved estimates of changes in infectiousness during infection, indicating substantial transmission shortly before symptom onset.
    1. Neuroscience

    Value-based attentional capture affects multi-alternative decision making

    Sebastian Gluth et al.
    Speeded value-based decisions between two options can be affected by a third, high-value distractor that captures attention and slows down the choice process.
    1. Neuroscience

    Selective and regulated trapping of nicotinic receptor weak base ligands and relevance to smoking cessation

    Anitha P Govind et al.
    The smoking cessation drug varenicline (Chantix) and other weak base ligands reduce a4b2-type nicotinic receptor (a4b2R) upregulation through slow intracellular release due to selective trapping in acidic vesicles that contain a4b2Rs.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Tracking cells in epithelial acini by light sheet microscopy reveals proximity effects in breast cancer initiation

    Ashna Alladin et al.
    The presented primary epithelial acinus-based platform for studying interactions between normal and malignant cells will enable in depth analysis of the tumor initiation process on a molecular level.
    1. Ecology

    Mammal communities are larger and more diverse in moderately developed areas

    Arielle Waldstein Parsons et al.
    Citizen science camera trapping showing suburban and wild areas maintain similar levels of mammalian diversity and relative abundance, challenging conventional thoughts about the impacts of urbanization on wildlife.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Evidence for transmission of COVID-19 prior to symptom onset

    Lauren C Tindale et al.
    Control of COVID-19 will require strong case finding and isolation of exposed individuals because transmission can occur days prior to symptom onset.
    1. Neuroscience

    Nonlinear circuits for naturalistic visual motion estimation

    James E Fitzgerald, Damon A Clark
    New computational models provide insights into how the insect brain estimates the speed and direction of movement.
    1. Ecology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Freshwater monitoring by nanopore sequencing

    Lara Urban et al.
    From now on, nanopore metagenomics can be used to monitor aquatic environments with high spatiotemporal resolution, by use of a benchmarked, standardised and cost-effective workflow.
    1. Neuroscience

    Reward-based training of recurrent neural networks for cognitive and value-based tasks

    H Francis Song et al.
    A two-part neural network models reward-based training and provides a unified framework in which to study diverse computations that can be compared to electrophysiological recordings from behaving animals.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Medicine

    Quantifying the impact of quarantine duration on COVID-19 transmission

    Peter Ashcroft et al.
    Test-and-release quarantine strategies for traced contacts of confirmed SARS-CoV-2 cases and returning travellers can reduce average quarantine durations while remaining as effective as 10 days of quarantine without testing.

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